specialization

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

specialize +‎ -ation

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌspɛʃəlɪˈzeɪʃn̩/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən
  • Hyphenation: spe‧cial‧i‧za‧tion

Noun[edit]

specialization (countable and uncountable, plural specializations)

  1. The act or process of specializing.
    • 1973, Robert A. Heinlein, Time Enough For Love:
      A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan an invasion, butcher a hog, conn a ship, design a building, write a sonnet, balance accounts, build a wall, set a bone, comfort the dying, take orders, give orders, cooperate, act alone, solve equations, analyze a new problem, pitch manure, program a computer, cook a tasty meal, fight efficiently, die gallantly. Specialization is for insects.
  2. The area in which someone specializes.
    • 2012, Glenn M. Wong, The Comprehensive Guide to Careers in Sports, Jones & Bartlett Publishers (ISBN 9781449602031), page 35:
      Many MBA programs now allow students to obtain a specialization in sport management. This differs from the joint degree programs in that only one degree, an MBA, is awarded (i.e., a separate master's degree in sport management is not awarded). The MBA with a sport management specialization should be considered as a second option in lieu of the joint degree.
  3. (biology) The adaptation of an organism to a specific environment, or adaptation of an organ to a particular function.
    • 2012, O. A. Jones, Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs V2: Biology 1, Elsevier (ISBN 9780323147934), page 248:
      Specialization is frequently divided into two categories largely based on methods of study: food specialization and specialization with respect to microhabitat.

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