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Alternative forms[edit]


specialize +‎ -ation


  • IPA(key): /ˌspɛʃəlɪˈzeɪʃn̩/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən
  • Hyphenation: spe‧cial‧i‧za‧tion


specialization (countable and uncountable, plural specializations)

  1. The act or process of specializing.
    • 1973, Robert A. Heinlein, Time Enough For Love:
      A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan an invasion, butcher a hog, conn a ship, design a building, write a sonnet, balance accounts, build a wall, set a bone, comfort the dying, take orders, give orders, cooperate, act alone, solve equations, analyze a new problem, pitch manure, program a computer, cook a tasty meal, fight efficiently, die gallantly. Specialization is for insects.
  2. The area in which someone specializes.
    • 2012, Glenn M. Wong, The Comprehensive Guide to Careers in Sports, Jones & Bartlett Publishers (→ISBN), page 35:
      Many MBA programs now allow students to obtain a specialization in sport management. This differs from the joint degree programs in that only one degree, an MBA, is awarded (i.e., a separate master's degree in sport management is not awarded). The MBA with a sport management specialization should be considered as a second option in lieu of the joint degree.
  3. (biology) The adaptation of an organism to a specific environment, or adaptation of an organ to a particular function.
    • 2012, O. A. Jones, Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs V2: Biology 1, Elsevier (→ISBN), page 248:
      Specialization is frequently divided into two categories largely based on methods of study: food specialization and specialization with respect to microhabitat.
  4. (mathematics) A proof, axiom, problem, or definition whose cases are completely covered by another, broader concept.
    A triangle is a specialization of a polygon to one with exactly three sides.