sphincter

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin sphinctēr (the muscle of the anus), from Ancient Greek σφῐγκτήρ (sphinktḗr, lace, band; contractile muscle). Possibly related to sphinx (the strangler).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sphincter (plural sphincters)

  1. (anatomy) A ringlike band of muscle that surrounds a bodily opening (such as the anus or the openings of the stomach), constricting and relaxing as required for normal physiological functioning.
    the sphincter of the bladder
    the iris sphincter in the eye
    Hyponyms: anal sphincter, lissosphincter, lower esophageal sphincter, pyloric sphincter, rhabdosphincter, sphincter of Oddi, upper esophageal sphincter, urethral sphincter

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin sphinctēr (the muscle of the anus), from Ancient Greek σφῐγκτήρ (sphinktḗr, lace, band; contractile muscle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sfɛ̃k.tɛʁ/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

sphincter m (plural sphincters)

  1. (anatomy) sphincter

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek σφῐγκτήρ (sphinktḗr, lace, band; contractile muscle), from σφῐ́γγω (sphíngō, to bind tight or fast) +‎ -τήρ (-tḗr, -er, -or, nominal suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sphinctēr m (genitive sphinctēris); third declension (Late Latin)

  1. (anatomy) The sphincter, the muscle of the anus.

Inflection[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sphinctēr sphinctērēs
Genitive sphinctēris sphinctērum
Dative sphinctērī sphinctēribus
Accusative sphinctērem sphinctērēs
Ablative sphinctēre sphinctēribus
Vocative sphinctēr sphinctērēs

Descendants[edit]

  • English: sphincter
  • French: sphincter