English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from sterven Old English ( steorfan “ to die ”), from Proto-Germanic ( *sterbaną “ to become stiff, die ”), from Proto-Indo-European ( *(s)terp- “ to lose strength, become numb, be motionless ”); or from Proto-Indo-European ( *sterbʰ- “ to become stiff ”), from Proto-Indo-European ( *ster- “ stiff ”); or a conflation of the aforementioned. Cognate with Scots ( sterve “ to die, perish ”), Saterland Frisian ( stjerwa “ to die ”), West Frisian ( stjerre “ to die ”), Dutch ( sterven “ to die ”), German Low German ( starven “ to die ”), German ( sterben “ to die ”), Icelandic ( stirfinn “ peevish, froward ”), Albanian ( shterp “ sterile, unproductive, barren land ”).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
starve ( third-person singular simple present , starves present participle , starving simple past starved or ( obsolete ) starf or ( obsolete ) , storve past participle starved or ( obsolete ) ) storven
( intransitive , obsolete ) To die; in later use especially to die slowly, waste away.
1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.i.4:
Britomart / Released her, that else was like to starve, / Through cruell knife that her deare heart did kerue.
( intransitive ) To die because of lack of food or of not eating.
2007, Lisa Wingate, A Thousand Voices, page 76:
"When all of you starve to death, Shasta, don't come crying to me, that's all."
( intransitive ) To be very hungry.
Hey, ma, I'm starving!
( transitive ) To destroy, make capitulate or at least make suffer by deprivation, notably of food.
( transitive ) To deprive of nourishment.
They starved the child until it withered away.
( transitive , Britain , especially Yorkshire and Lancashire ) To kill with cold.
I was half starved waiting out in that wind.
Translations [ edit ]
to die because of lack of food
to destroy by deprivation
to deprive of nourishment
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Translations to be checked
Derived terms [ edit ]
Anagrams [ edit ]