English [ edit ]
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from stiflen Old Norse stífla ( “ to dam, choke, stop up ” ), from stífla ( “ dam ” ), from Proto-Germanic , *stīfilaz *stīfilą ( “ prop, pole, support ” ), from Proto-Indo-European , *steip- *steib- ( “ stake, picket ” ). Cognate with Icelandic stífla ( “ to dam up, jam, block ” ), Norwegian stivla ( “ to dam up, choke, stop ” ), Low German stipel ( “ support wood ” ).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
stifle ( plural ) stifles
hind knee of various mammals, especially horses.
( veterinary medicine ) A bone disease of this region.
Translations [ edit ]
a hind knee of various mammals, especially horses
bone disease of this region
stifle ( third-person singular simple present , stifles present participle , stifling simple past and past participle ) stifled
( transitive ) To interrupt or cut off.
( transitive ) To repress, keep in or hold back.
I desire only to have things fairly represented as they really are; no evidence smothered or
1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 15, in : The Mirror and the Lamp
Edward Churchill still attended to his work in a hopeless mechanical manner like a sleep-walker who walks safely on a well-known round. But his Roman collar galled him, his cossack stifled him, his biretta was as uncomfortable as a merry-andrew's cap and bells.
2011 October 29, Neil Johnston, “ Norwich 3-3 Blackburn”, in BBC Sport:
In fact, there was no suggestion of that, although Wolves deployed men behind the ball to stifle the league leaders in a first-half that proved very frustrating for City.
The army stifled the rebellion.
( transitive ) To smother or suffocate.
Stifled with kisses, a sweet death he dies.
I took my leave, being half
stifled with the closeness of the room.
The heat was stifling the children.
( intransitive ) To feel smothered etc.
The heat felt stifling.
( intransitive ) To die of suffocation.
Two firemen tragically stifled in yesterday's fire when trying to rescue an old lady from her bedroom.
( transitive ) To treat a silkworm cocoon with steam as part of the process of silk production.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
to repress, keep in or hold back
抑える ( おさえる, osaeru ), ( a yawn ) 噛み殺す ( かみころす, kamikorosu ) Khmer:
រារាំង (km) ( rie reaŋ ) Maori:
, whakakōmau , nati nanati Occitan:
reprimir (pt) Russian:
подавля́ть (ru) impf ( podavljátʹ ), подави́ть (ru) pf ( podavítʹ ) Spanish:
reprimir , (es) sofocar (es) Swedish:
stävja , (sv) , undertrycka dämpa , (sv) tillbakahålla Turkish:
to smother or suffocate
душа (bg) ( duša ), задушавам (bg) ( zadušavam ), удушавам (bg) ( udušavam ) Czech:
dusit , (cs) udusit Finnish:
, erdrücken ersticken (de) Hungarian:
elfojt (hu) Italian:
soffocare , (it) boccheggiare (it) Japanese:
( a person ) 窒息させる ( ちっそくさせる, chissoku saseru ), ( an activity or desire ) 抑圧する (ja) ( よくあつする, yokuatsu suru ), ( a flame ) 消す (ja) ( けす, kesu ). ( a sound ) 静める ( しずめる, shizumeru ), ( a rumor ) もみ消す ( もみけす, momikesu )
Anagrams [ edit ]