strong

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English strong, strang, from Old English strong, strang(strong, powerful, mighty, able; firm, constant, resolute, strenuous, hardy; hard, severe, fierce, stern, strict; bold, brave; valid, assured; effective, producing a great effect, potent; earnest; arduous, violent), from Proto-Germanic *strangaz(tight, strict, straight, strong), from Proto-Indo-European *streng-, *strenk-(taut, stiff, tight). Cognate with Scots strang(strong), Saterland Frisian strang, West Frisian string(austere, strict, harsh, severe, stern, stark, tough), Dutch streng(strict, severe, tight), German streng(strict, severe, austere), Swedish sträng, strang(severe, strict, harsh), Norwegian strang(strong, harsh, bitter), Icelandic strangur(strict), Latin stringō(tighten).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

strong ‎(comparative stronger, superlative strongest)

  1. Capable of producing great physical force.
    a big strong man; Jake was tall and strong
  2. Capable of withstanding great physical force.
    a strong foundation; good strong shoes
  3. fast moving water, wind, etc, which has a lot of power.
    The man was nearly drowned after a strong undercurrent swept him out to sea.
  4. Determined; unyielding.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      It was a joy to snatch some brief respite, and find himself in the rectory drawing–room. Listening here was as pleasant as talking; just to watch was pleasant. The young priests who lived here wore cassocks and birettas; their faces were fine and mild, yet really strong, like the rector's face; and in their intercourse with him and his wife they seemed to be brothers.
    He is strong in the face of adversity.
  5. Highly stimulating to the senses.
    a strong light; a strong taste
  6. Having an offensive or intense odor or flavor.
    a strong smell
  7. Having a high concentration of an essential or active ingredient.
    a strong cup of coffee; a strong medicine
  8. (specifically) Having a high alcoholic content.
    a strong drink
    She gets up, and pours herself a strong one. - Eagles, Lying Eyes
  9. (grammar) Inflecting in a different manner than the one called weak, such as Germanic verbs which change vowels.
    a strong verb
  10. (chemistry) That completely ionizes into anions and cations in a solution.
    a strong acid;  a strong base
  11. (military) Not easily subdued or taken.
    a strong position
  12. (slang, US) Impressive, good.
    You're working with troubled youth in your off time? That’s strong!
  13. Having a specified number of people or units.
    The enemy's army force was five thousand strong.
  14. (of a disease or symptom) severe (very bad or intense)
    • 2005, Andrew Gaeddert, Healing Immune Disorders: Natural Defense-Building Solutions, North Atlantic Books, page 221:
      Physicians may diagnosis influenza by a throat culture or blood test, which may be important if you have a particularly strong flu, if your doctor suspects pneumonia or a bacterial infection.
  15. (mathematics, logic) Having a wide range of logical consequences; widely applicable. (Often contrasted with a weak statement which it implies.)
  16. Convincing.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (capable of producing great physical force): forceless, weak
  • (capable of withstanding great physical force): fragile
  • (having a high concentration of an essential or active ingredient): diluted, impotent, weak
  • (grammar: irregular): regular, weak
  • (chemistry: that completely ionizes): weak
  • (military: not easily subdued or taken): weak

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Adverb[edit]

strong ‎(not comparable)

  1. In a strong manner.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923: met · boy · c. · #397: strong · dead · bring · returned

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English strang.

Adjective[edit]

strong

  1. strong

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Through Swedish slang, based on English strong, since 1922. There is also a form strång with a different sense since 1640.

Adjective[edit]

strong (comparative strongare, superlative strongast)

  1. mentally and morally strong, courageous

Declension[edit]

Inflection of strong
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular strong strongare strongast
Neuter singular strongt strongare strongast
Plural stronga strongare strongast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 stronge strongare strongaste
All stronga strongare strongaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English strong

Adjective[edit]

strong

  1. Capable of producing great physical force; strong.
  2. Capable of withstanding great physical force; strong.
  3. Determined, unyielding.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

strong

  1. Strength
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:22 (translation here):
      Na God i mekim gutpela tok bilong givim strong long ol. Em i tokim ol olsem, “Yupela ol kain kain samting bilong solwara, yupela i mas kamap planti na pulapim olgeta hap bilong solwara. Na yupela ol pisin, yupela i mas kamap planti long graun.”
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.