sty

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See also: stý

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sty, from Old English stī, stiġ (sty, pen, a wooden enclosure; hall, chiefly in compounds), from Proto-Germanic *stiją. Cognate with German Stiege (wooden crate), dialectal German Steige (hen-coop), Danish sti (sty, enclosure for swine, sheep, hens, etc.), Swedish stia (sty for pigs, geese, etc.), Norwegian sti (flock of sheep), Icelandic stía (a kennel).

Noun[edit]

sty (plural sties)

  1. A pen or enclosure for swine.
  2. (figuratively) A messy, dirty or debauched place.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sty (third-person singular simple present sties, present participle stying, simple past and past participle stied)

  1. To place in, or as if in, a sty
  2. To live in a sty, or any messy or dirty place

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English stien, stiȝen, stighen, from Old English stīgan (to go; ascend, mount), from Proto-West Germanic *stīgan, from Proto-Germanic *stīganą, from Proto-Indo-European *steygʰ-. Cognate with Dutch stijgen, German steigen, Danish stige, Norwegian Bokmål stige, Norwegian Nynorsk and Swedish stiga, Old Norse stíga.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sty (third-person singular simple present sties, present participle stying, simple past and past participle stied)

  1. (obsolete) To ascend, rise up, climb. [9th–17th c.]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

sty (plural sties)

  1. (Britain, dialectal) A ladder.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English styanye, mistaken as "sty on eye" yet composed of Old English stīġend (sty, literally riser), agent noun from stīgan (to rise) + Middle English (eye).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sty (plural sties)

  1. (medicine) An inflammation of the eyelid.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old English stiġ, stī, from Proto-West Germanic *stij, from Proto-Germanic *stiją.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sty (plural styes)

  1. A pigsty (pen or set of pens for pigs)
  2. (rare) Any other crude dwelling or abode.
Descendants[edit]
  • English: sty
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Old English stīġ, from Proto-West Germanic *stīgu, from Proto-Germanic *stīgō.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sty (plural styes or stiȝen)

  1. A path, track or street.
  2. (figuratively) One's chosen pathway or choices in life.
  3. (figuratively, rare) A short narrative.
References[edit]