sublime

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: sublimé

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /səˈblaɪm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪm

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sublimen, borrowed from Old French sublimer, from Latin sublimō (to raise on high; to sublimate (in Medieval Latin)).

Verb[edit]

sublime (third-person singular simple present sublimes, present participle subliming, simple past and past participle sublimed)

  1. (chemistry, physics, transitive, intransitive) To sublimate.
  2. (transitive) To raise on high.
    • 1857, E. P. Whipple, Harper's Magazine
      a soul sublimed by an idea above the region of vanity and conceit
  3. (transitive) To exalt; to heighten; to improve; to purify.
    Synonym: sublimate (archaic)
  4. (transitive) To dignify; to ennoble.
    • a. 1667, Jeremy Taylor, Clerus Domini, or, A discourse of the divine institution, necessity, sacredness, and separation of the office ministerial together with the nature and manner of its power and operation
      An ordinary gift cannot sublime a person to a supernatural employment.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French sublime, from Latin sublīmis (high), from sub- (up to, upwards) + a root of uncertain affiliation often identified with Latin līmis, ablative singular of līmus (oblique) or līmen (threshold, entrance, lintel)

Adjective[edit]

sublime (comparative sublimer, superlative sublimest)

  1. Noble and majestic.
    • 1842, Thomas De Quincey, Cicero (published in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine)
      the sublime Julian leader
  2. Impressive and awe-inspiring, yet simple.
    sublime scenery
    a sublime deed
    • 1718, Matthew Prior, “To Dr. Sherlock, On His Practical Discourse Concerning Death”, in Poems on Several Occasions[1]:
      Easy in words thy style, in sense sublime.
    • 1839, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, “The Light of Stars”, in Voices of the Night:
      Know how sublime a thing it is / To suffer and be strong.
    • 1897, John Munro, chapter VI, in A Trip to Venus:
      We had entered the clouds. For half-an-hour we were muffled in a cold, damp mist, and total darkness, and had begun to think of going indoors when, all at once, the car burst into the pure and starlit region of the upper air. A cry of joyous admiration escaped from us all. The spectacle before us was indeed sublime.
    • 1993, Richard Klein, Cigarettes are sublime, London: Picador, published 1995, →ISBN, page 62:
      Cigarettes are poison and they taste bad; they are not exactly beautiful, they are exactly sublime.
  3. (obsolete) Lifted up; high in place; exalted aloft; uplifted; lofty.
    • 1697, “Aeneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
      Sublime on these a tower of steel is reared.
  4. (obsolete) Elevated by joy; elated.
  5. Lofty of mien; haughty; proud.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

sublime (plural sublimes)

  1. Something sublime.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sublime

  1. definite of sublim
  2. plural of sublim

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French sublime, borrowed from Latin sublimis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sublime (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime, extraordinary

Verb[edit]

sublime

  1. inflection of sublimer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sublime

  1. inflection of sublim:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sublimis.

Adjective[edit]

sublime (masculine and feminine plural sublimi)

  1. sublime

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sublīme

  1. vocative masculine singular of sublīmus

References[edit]

  • sublime in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sublime in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sublime in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to fly aloft; to be carried into the sky: sublimem or sublime (not in sublime or sublimiter) ferri, abire

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sublīmus.

Adjective[edit]

sublime m or f (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime (noble, majestic, magnificent, etc.)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: sublime

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sublīmis.

Adjective[edit]

sublime m or f (plural sublimes, comparable)

  1. sublime

Noun[edit]

sublime m, f (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

sublime

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of sublimar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of sublimar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of sublimar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of sublimar

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sublimis.

Adjective[edit]

sublime (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime

Verb[edit]

sublime

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of sublimar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of sublimar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of sublimar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of sublimar.