superior

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See also: Superior

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English, borrowed from Old French superiour, from Latin superior (higher, upper).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

superior (not comparable)

  1. Higher in rank, status, or quality.
    Rebecca had always thought shorts were far superior to pants, as they didn't constantly make her legs itch.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      There were many wooden chairs for the bulk of his visitors, and two wicker armchairs with red cloth cushions for superior people. From the packing-cases had emerged some Indian clubs, […], and all these articles […] made a scattered and untidy decoration that Mrs. Clough assiduously dusted and greatly cherished.
    1. Of high standard or quality.
    2. Greater in size or power.
    3. (superior to) Beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Spectator:
        There is not in earth a spectacle more worthy than a great man superior to his sufferings.
    4. Greater or better than average.
      Synonym: extraordinary
  2. Courageously or serenely indifferent (as to something painful or disheartening).
  3. (typography) Printed in superscript.
    a superior figure or letter
  4. Located above or out; higher in position.
    the superior jaw; the superior part of an image
    1. (botany) (of a calyx) Above the ovary; said of parts of the flower which, although normally below the ovary, adhere to it, and so appear to originate from its upper part.
    2. (botany) (of an ovary) Above and free from the other floral organs.
    3. (botany) Belonging to the part of an axillary flower which is toward the main stem.
      Synonym: posterior
    4. (botany) (of the radicle) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit.
      Synonym: ascending
  5. (taxonomy) More comprehensive.
    A genus is superior to a species.
  6. Affecting or assuming an air of superiority.
    Synonym: supercilious
  7. (astronomy) (of a planet) Closer to the Earth than to the Sun.

Usage notes[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

superior (plural superiors)

  1. A person of higher rank or quality, especially a colleague in a higher position.
    Synonym: overling
    1. The senior person in a monastic community.
    2. The head of certain religious institutions and colleges.
      Hyponyms: father superior, mother superior
  2. (printing) A superior letter, figure, or symbol.
    Synonym: superscript
  3. (Scotland, law, historical) One who has made an original grant of heritable property to a tenant or vassal, on condition of a certain annual payment (feu duty) or of the performance of certain services.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin superior, attested from 1653.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

superior (masculine and feminine plural superiors)

  1. superior, higher, high
    Antonym: inferior

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

superior m or f (plural superiors)

  1. superior

References[edit]

  1. ^ “superior” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Comparative of superus (that is above, upper, higher), from super (above, over, preposition) +‎ -us (adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

superior (neuter superius, positive superus); third declension

  1. (of place) Higher, upper.
  2. (of time or order of succession) Former, past, previous, preceding.
    1. (especially of age, time of life, etc.) Older, elder, senior, more advanced, former.
  3. (of strength or success in battle or any contest) Victorious, conquering, stronger, superior.
  4. (of quality, condition, number, etc.) Higher, more distinguished, greater, superior.

Inflection[edit]

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative superior superius superiōrēs superiōra
Genitive superiōris superiōrum
Dative superiōrī superiōribus
Accusative superiōrem superius superiōrēs superiōra
Ablative superiōre superiōribus
Vocative superior superius superiōrēs superiōra

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • superior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • superior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • superior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • heights, high ground: loca edita, superiora
    • last year: superiore, priore anno
    • premises; consequences: prima (superiora); consequentia (Fin. 4. 19. 54)
    • in his former consulship: superiore consulatu
    • to gain a weak case by clever pleading: causam inferiorem dicendo reddere superiorem (λόγον κρείττω ποιειν) (Brut. 8. 30)
    • to occupy the high ground: occupare loca superiora
    • to have the advantage in cavalry: equitatu superiorem esse
    • to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin superior.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

superior m or f (plural superiores, comparable)

  1. upper, higher
  2. better
  3. superior

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

superior m (plural superiores, feminine superiora, feminine plural superioras)

  1. boss
  2. head of a monastery

Further reading[edit]

  • superior” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French supérieur, Latin superior.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

superior m or n (feminine singular superioară, masculine plural superiori, feminine and neuter plural superioare)

  1. superior

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin superior.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /supeˈɾjoɾ/, [su.peˈɾjoɾ]

Adjective[edit]

superior (plural superiores)

  1. upper, higher
  2. better
  3. superior

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

superior m (plural superiores, feminine superiora, feminine plural superioras)

  1. boss
    Synonyms: jefe, jefa, patrón, patrona

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]