tai

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

tai

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-5 language code for Tai languages.

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese (たい).

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. A fish, the Japanese bream.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


'Are'are[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *isa, *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *isa, *əsa, *asa.

Cognate with Maori tahi (one), Hawaiian kahi (one).

Numeral[edit]

tai

  1. one

Etymology 2[edit]

Appears to be cognate with Maori tui (to sew; to string or thread together), Hawaiian kui (needle, pin; to string or thread together).

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. to sew
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Aklanon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, compare Malay tahi.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. excrement, feces

Balinese[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. excrement, feces

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. feces
  2. dung; animal excrement

Adjective[edit]

tai

  1. (vulgar, colloquial) despicable

Interjection[edit]

tai

  1. (vulgar, offensive) Used similar to shit!

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Thai ไทย (tai).

Noun[edit]

tai n (genitive singular tais, uncountable)

  1. Thai language

Synonyms[edit]


Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central Pacific *taci, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. coast
  2. sea-shore

Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • tahi (mostly archaic; see the below usage notes)

Etymology[edit]

From earlier tahi (*tahdik), probably originally tah- +‎ -i (lative suffix), the stem of which is that of tahtoa (and also tahansa, tahallaan).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɑi̯(ˣ)/, [ˈt̪ɑi̯(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ɑi
  • Syllabification(key): tai

Conjunction[edit]

tai

  1. (coordinating; in affirmative clauses) or
    Sinä tai minä.You or me.
    Tajusin rakastuneeni, halusin tai en.I realised I'd fallen in love, whether I wanted to or not.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (tai/vai):
    • Tai is an inclusive or, while vai is an exclusive or. For instance, while Söitkö sinä leivän tai hedelmät? and Söitkö sinä leivän vai hedelmät? are both correct, the former asks in a yes or no question if you ate bread, fruit, bread and fruit, or nothing, while the latter asks which you ate, the bread, or the fruit. vai may only be used in interrogative clauses.
    • Outside interrogative clauses, an explicit or may be expressed using joko ... tai (technically only for two options, but sometimes used also with more than two).
  • (tai/taikka/tahi):
    • In legal language, there exists a difference between tai and taikka. taikka is considered "stronger" than tai. For example, an attribute specified before a list will apply to every item with tai, but not with taikka. Generally speaking tai is seen as binding things closer together than taikka.
      tieteellinen tai historiallinen tutkimus taikka tilastointiscientific or historical research; or compiling statistics = any of the following: (a) scientific research, (b) historical research, (c) compiling statistics (not necessarily scientific or historical)
    • Colloquially tai and taikka are largely interchangeable and their use depends on the speaker.
    • Particularly in older legal texts, tahi is sometimes used as well, with the scale being tai < tahi < taikka (from weakest to strongest). tahi is otherwise now only used dialectally as an alternative form of tai.

Synonyms[edit]

  • taikka, tahikka (less common; see the above usage notes)
  • tahi (chiefly archaic; see the above usage notes)
  • eli (archaic)

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. OR (logic gate or connector)

Declension[edit]

Rarely inflected; if inflection is necessary, it is used as the first component in a compound, such as TAI-portti ("OR gate").


Inflection of tai (Kotus type 18/maa, no gradation)
nominative tai tait
genitive tain taiden
taitten
partitive taita taita
illative taihin taihin
singular plural
nominative tai tait
accusative nom. tai tait
gen. tain
genitive tain taiden
taitten
partitive taita taita
inessive taissa taissa
elative taista taista
illative taihin taihin
adessive tailla tailla
ablative tailta tailta
allative taille taille
essive taina taina
translative taiksi taiksi
instructive tain
abessive taitta taitta
comitative taineen
Possessive forms of tai (type maa)
possessor singular plural
1st person taini taimme
2nd person taisi tainne
3rd person tainsa

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Futuna-Aniwa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. the sea
  2. salt water

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

tai

  1. Rōmaji transcription of たい
  2. Rōmaji transcription of タイ

Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai (ngoko tai, krama tinja)

  1. excrement, feces
  2. rust

References[edit]

  • “[ tai]” in Bausastra Jawa, Yogyakarta: The Linguistic Center of Yogyakarta [Balai Bahasa Provinsi Yogyakarta].

Karelian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tai

  1. this
  2. that

Kokoda[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. (Tarof) water

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Latgalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Lithuanian taip.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tai

  1. so, in this way, in that way

Particle[edit]

tai

  1. yes, that's right

Synonyms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tai

  1. to that; dative singular feminine form of tas
  2. in that; locative singular masculine form of tas
  3. in that; locative singular feminine form of tas

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from an unattested neuter form *ta, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *tas, taˀ, ta (that); see tas for more. Evidence for a Common Baltic neuter form *ta (matching Proto-Slavic *to) can be observed in Old Prussian stas, sta(i), sta and the Latvian particle ta-. The suffix -aĩ is apparently formed by analogy with kai (when, while); see this entry for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /tɐɪ/

Conjunction[edit]

taĩ

  1. (subordinating) that, then (in that case); introduces a complement to the main clause
    Jéi nóri, taĩ ir̃ reĩkia. - If you want to, then you should
    Vìskas, norė́jau, taĩ tìk išsimiegóti. - All I wanted was to have a good night's sleep.
  2. (coordinating, correlative) firstthen
    Taĩ víenas, taĩ kìtas ateĩna. - First one came, then another.

Particle[edit]

taĩ

  1. (emphatic) puts additional emphasis on the subject of the clause; now that's … !; so that's … !
    Taĩ kur̃ jìs! - So that's where he is!
    Õ dabar̃ taĩ àš bėdojè. - And now it's me who's in trouble.

Pronoun[edit]

taĩ (indeclinable)

  1. (demonstrative) that (refers to an object or idea understood by both parties)
    Taĩ įdomù - That's interesting
    Kàs taĩ yrà? - What is that?
  2. (demonstrative) that, what (the first element of a relative clause, may be omitted)
    Taĩ, kàs išliekaWhat (=that which) remains.
    Gal jaũ laĩkas darýti taĩ, kàs patiñka mán. - Perhaps it's time I did what I like for once.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Makasar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, from Proto-Austronesian *Caqi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai (Lontara spelling ᨈᨕᨗ)

  1. feces
  2. discharge, dirt (in compounds)

Derived terms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

tai

  1. Nonstandard spelling of tāi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of tái.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of tǎi.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of tài.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mansaka[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, compare Malay tahi.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. excrement, feces

Etymology 2[edit]

From tahi, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tahiq.

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. to sew

Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tai, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik (compare with Malay tasik).

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. sea

See also[edit]


Maquiritari[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (allomorph after i) chai

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cariban [Term?]. Compare Apalaí tae, Hixkaryana taye, Macushi tapai.

Pronunciation[edit]

Postposition[edit]

tai

  1. through, by; indicates motion by way of a non-aquatic object of class 2

Usage notes[edit]

This postposition cannot take person markers to indicate its object.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011) Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana[1], Lyon, page 267–272

Middle English[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tai

  1. Alternative form of þei (they)

Naga Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Assamese তাই (tai, she), from Early Assamese তাই (tai, she), from Magadhi Prakrit 𑀢𑀸𑀏 (tāe, by her), from Sanskrit तया (tayā, by her (instrumental case)). Cognate with Sylheti ꠔꠣꠁ (tai).

Pronoun[edit]

tai

  1. he, she
    Lazarus nam ekjon manu thakise. Tai laga duijon boinikhan thakise.
    A man names Lazarus lived. His two sisters lived.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈta.i/
  • Rhymes: -ai
  • Syllabification: ta‧i

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. third-person singular present of taić

Pukapukan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tasi.

Numeral[edit]

tai

  1. one, first, single
    Synonym: tayi

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tai, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. sea
    Ka wao au ki tai.
    I will jump into the sea.
  2. ocean
    Na wō te kau tāne ki tai yī kakai.
    The men have gone to the ocean to fish for tuna.
  3. tide
    Na wōwonu te tai i te mōtāyao, ko kikī i te ola lua nei.
    The tide was full in the morning, it is out now at two o'clock.
Derived terms[edit]
  • taí (lagoon side of the island or village)
  • tukutai (beach, lagoon shore)

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. to carve, shape wood
  2. to hew
Derived terms[edit]
  • taitai (cutting, hewing)

Further reading[edit]


Rapa Nui[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tai, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. sea

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. first/second-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of tăia

Southeastern Tepehuan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Northern Tepehuan taí, O'odham tai, Huichol tái, Cora taíj, Classical Nahuatl tletl, Mayo tajji.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. fire

References[edit]

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[2] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 159

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai m (uncountable)

  1. Tai

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English tie.

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. to tie, to bind

Derived terms[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai (n class, plural tai)

  1. eagle
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English tie.

Noun[edit]

tai (n class, plural tai)

  1. tie (article of clothing)

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi.

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. excrement, feces

Ternate[edit]

tai

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai

  1. the fish Lutjanus lemniscatus

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. (transitive) to stare at
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of tai
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st totai fotai mitai
2nd notai nitai
3rd Human otaim, motaif itai, yotai
Non-human itai itai, yotai
* m - masculine, f - feminine, - archaic

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *saːj.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái) tai (𦖻 - , 𣌒, )

  1. (anatomy) ear

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Anagrams[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tai m pl

  1. plural of

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. third-person singular counterfactual conditional colloquial of bod (used after pe (if), which can also be omitted)
    (pe) tai hi’n hapusif she were happy

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tai dai nhai thai
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Zou[edit]

Verb[edit]

tai

  1. run

References[edit]