tak

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Tak, Täk, -tak, -ták, täk-, так, , and ta̍k

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dialectal form of take.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tak (third-person singular simple present taks, present participle takkin, simple past teuk, past participle takken)

  1. (Wearside, Durham) To take.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch tak (branch, twig, offshoot), from Middle Dutch tac (pointy object, forked object), from Old Dutch *takko (pointy object).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

tak (plural takke)

  1. branch, twig, bough
  2. branch, offshoot

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tako.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tak

  1. so (very)
    Je tak dobrý!He is so good!
    Není to tak špatné.It’s not so bad.
  2. so (therefore)
    Chtěl knihu, tak si zašel do knihovny.He wanted a book, so he went to the library.
  3. so, in that way
    Tak to chodíThat's the way it goes (lit. "so it goes")

Interjection[edit]

tak

  1. so
    Tak jděme!So let's go!

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tak in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • tak in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tak/, /ˈtɑɡ/, [ˈtˢɑɡ̊], [ˈtsʰɑ̈k]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse þǫkk, from Proto-Germanic *þankō, *þankaz, cognate with English thank, German Dank.

Noun[edit]

tak c (singular definite takken, not used in plural form)

  1. thanks
Inflection[edit]

Interjection[edit]

tak

  1. thank you, thanks

Etymology 2[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

From Middle Low German tacke, from Proto-Germanic *takkô (prickle, spike, jag), cognate with English tack, German Zacke.

Noun[edit]

tak c (singular definite takken, plural indefinite takker)

  1. jag
  2. point
  3. cog
  4. tooth
  5. tine
Inflection[edit]
Further reading[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

tak

  1. imperative of takke

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch tac (pointy object, forked object), from Old Dutch *takko (pointy object), from Frankish *takkō, from Proto-Germanic *takkô.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tak m (plural takken, diminutive takje n)

  1. branch, twig, bough
    Synonyms: telg, twijg
  2. branch, offshoot, division

Derived terms[edit]

(plant branches):

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: tak
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: taku
  • Negerhollands: tak, takje, takkie

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse þak, from Proto-Germanic *þaką, from Proto-Indo-European *teg-.

Noun[edit]

tak n (genitive singular taks, plural tøk)

  1. roof
Declension[edit]
Declension of tak
n5 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative tak takið tøk tøkini
accusative tak takið tøk tøkini
dative taki takinum tøkum tøkunum
genitive taks taksins taka takanna
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse tak.

Noun[edit]

tak n (genitive singular taks, plural tøk)

  1. grip, hold
  2. A huge effort, major effort, strenuous effort.
Declension[edit]
Declension of tak
n5 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative tak takið tøk tøkini
accusative tak takið tøk tøkini
dative taki takinum tøkum tøkunum
genitive taks taksins taka takanna
Derived terms[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tak n (genitive singular taks, nominative plural tök)

  1. grip, hold

Declension[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with tidak, from Malay tak, from Proto-Malayic *daʔ (compare Malay tak), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *diaq.

Adverb[edit]

tak

  1. not (negates the meaning of the verb)
    Saya tak mau makan.
    I don't want to eat.
  2. not (to no degree)
    Buku itu tak mahal.
    That book is not expensive.

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic

Noun[edit]

tak (plural tak-tak, first-person possessive takku, second-person possessive takmu, third-person possessive taknya)

  1. imitation of the sound of a pitted shell

Etymology 3[edit]

From Dutch takt, from Latin tāctus.

Noun[edit]

tak (plural tak-tak, first-person possessive takku, second-person possessive takmu, third-person possessive taknya)

  1. (engineering) stroke, cycle, phase
    motor dua taktwo-stroke engine

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Jingpho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Burmese တွက် (twak).

Verb[edit]

tak

  1. To guess.

References[edit]

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31), “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[1], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

Kashubian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tako.

Adverb[edit]

tak

  1. so

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Conjunction[edit]

tak

  1. but, but also

Particle[edit]

tak

  1. particle used to reinforce or emphasize a certain word or idea, usually by reducing doubts about it; but... (really), in fact, surely, just

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tak

  1. so

Further reading[edit]

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “tak”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “tak”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • x (Internet slang)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with tidak, dak, from Proto-Malayic *daʔ (compare Indonesian tidak), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *diaq.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tak (Jawi spelling تق)

  1. (informal) not (negates the meaning of the verb)
    Saya tak mahu makan.I don't want to eat.
  2. (informal) not (to no degree)
    Buku itu tak mahal.That book is not expensive.

Marshallese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

tak

  1. needlefish

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Enclitic[edit]

tak

  1. (Ratak) eastward

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Northern French taque, ultimately of Germanic origin, probably from Frankish *takkō, from Proto-Germanic *takkô (spike, thorn, prickle).

Noun[edit]

tak (plural takes)

  1. clasp
  2. nail
  3. A protective metal plate used on a cart to prevent wear.
  4. (nautical) tack (a rope used to hold the foremost corner of the sail in place)
  5. stability, endurance, steadfastness
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse taka (revenue) (from the verb taka (to take)) and from Middle English taken (to take), itself from Old Norse.

Noun[edit]

tak (uncountable)

  1. tack (a fee paid to a lord or king for the right to keep swine)
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

tak (third-person singular simple present takketh, present participle takkende, takkynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle takked)

  1. Alternative form of takken

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

tak (plural takes)

  1. Alternative form of tach

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

tak (third-person singular simple present taketh, present participle takinge, first-/third-person singular past indicative toke, past participle taken)

  1. Alternative form of taken

Verb[edit]

tak

  1. Alternative form of take: imperative of taken
  2. Alternative form of taken: past participle of taken

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse þak, from Proto-Germanic *þaką, from Proto-Indo-European *teg-. Cognate with Old English þæc (roof, thack, thatch).

Noun[edit]

tak n (definite singular taket, indefinite plural tak, definite plural taka or takene)

  1. roof
  2. ceiling
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse tak.

Noun[edit]

tak n (definite singular taket, indefinite plural tak, definite plural taka or takene)

  1. grip
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse þak, from Proto-Germanic *þaką, from Proto-Indo-European *teg-. Cognate with Old English þæc (roof, thack, thatch).

Noun[edit]

tak n (definite singular taket, indefinite plural tak, definite plural taka)

  1. roof
  2. ceiling
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse tak.

Noun[edit]

tak n (definite singular taket, indefinite plural tak, definite plural taka)

  1. grip
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

tak

  1. imperative of taka and take

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the verb taka (to take, grab).

Noun[edit]

tak n (genitive taks, plural tǫk)

  1. grip, hold

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • taka f (taking, capture; seizure, tax; revenue)

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: tag
  • Faroese: tak
  • Icelandic: tak
  • Norwegian Bokmål: tak
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: tak
  • Swedish: tag (Old Swedish tak)
  • Westrobothnian: tak, tag

References[edit]

  • tak”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Phalura[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tak (Perso-Arabic spelling تک)

  1. A co-lexicalized intensifier.

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[2], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tako. Cognate with Ukrainian так (tak), Belarusian так (tak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

tak

  1. yes
    Antonym: nie
    Zrobiłeś to? - Tak.Did you do that? - Yes, (I did).
    Synonyms: ano, no

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tak (not comparable)

  1. so (used for emphasis)
    Było tak ciemno, że nic nie widziałem.It was so dark that I couldn't see anything.
    Kocham cię tak bardzo!I love you so much!
  2. like this; so (in this way)
    Ona mi tak powiedziała.She told me so.
    Ja to robię tak.I do it like this.

Further reading[edit]

  • tak in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • tak in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Anagrams[edit]

akt, kat, tka


Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Early Scots tak, from Middle English taken (to take),[1] from Old English tacan (to grasp, touch), a borrowing from Old Norse taka (to touch, take) (from Proto-Germanic *tēkaną (to touch)) which gradually displaced the native Middle English nimen (to take). Cognates include English take and Norn taka. The noun is partly from the verb and partly from Old Norse tak (grip) and/or taka (taking, seizure), via Middle English tak, take.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tak (third-person singular simple present taks, present participle takkin, simple past teuk, past participle taen or takken)

  1. (transitive) To take.
    • 1790, Robert Burns, Tam o' Shanter:
      As market days are wearing late, / And folk begin to tak the gate
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (transitive) To trip.
  3. (transitive) To affect.
  4. (transitive) To marry.
  5. (transitive) To understand, apprehend, take.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tak (plural taks)

  1. capture, catch
  2. captive
    1. (fishing) catch, haul
  3. grip

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

tak (plural taks)

  1. Alternative spelling of tack

References[edit]

  1. ^ tak, n., v..” in the Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French taquet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȃk m (Cyrillic spelling та̑к)

  1. billiard-cue
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian tacco.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȁk m (Cyrillic spelling та̏к)

  1. (regional) shoe heel
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish طاق(ṭāḳ), from Arabic طَاق(ṭāq), from a Middle Iranian language. Compare Turkish tak and Persian طاق(tâq). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȁk m (Cyrillic spelling та̏к)

  1. (regional) arc, arch, vault (of a building)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • tak” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • tak” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish þak, from Old Norse þak, from Proto-Germanic *þaką, from Proto-Indo-European *teg-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tak n

  1. roof
  2. ceiling

Declension[edit]

Declension of tak 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tak taket tak taken
Genitive taks takets taks takens

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish طاق(ṭāḳ), from Arabic طَاق(ṭāq), possibly from Middle Persian *tāk, a variant of tʾg (/tāg/, arch) (compare modern Persian طاق(tâq, arch)). Doublet of taç (crown; belt).

Noun[edit]

tak

  1. arch

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

tak

  1. second-person singular imperative of takmak

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin taceō (I am quiet, rest).

Noun[edit]

tak (nominative plural taks)

  1. rest, tranquility

Declension[edit]


Westrobothnian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse þak, from Proto-Germanic *þaką, from Proto-Indo-European *teg-.

Noun[edit]

tak n (definite singular tatje or takä, dative tatjen or takän, definite plural taka)

  1. roof
  2. ceiling
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse tak (grip) from taka (to take).

Noun[edit]

tak n

  1. Alternative form of tag