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Borrowed from Latin temperatus, past participle of temperare (“moderate, forbear, combine properly”). See temper. Displaced native Old English ġemetegod.
temperate (comparative more temperate, superlative most temperate)
- Moderate; not excessive
- temperate heat
- a temperate climate.
- 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
- Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
- c. 1590–1592 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene i]:
- She is not hot, but temperate as the morn.
- 1855, Alfred Tennyson, “(please specify the page number(s))”, in Maud, and Other Poems, London: Edward Moxon, […], →OCLC:
- That sober freedom out of which there springs Our loyal passion for our temperate kings.
- Moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions
- temperate in eating and drinking.
- August 9, 1768, Benjamin Franklin, To John Alleyne, Esq. On Early Marriages
- Be sober and temperate, and you will be healthy.
- 1915, G[eorge] A. Birmingham [pseudonym; James Owen Hannay], chapter I, in Gossamer, New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Company, →OCLC, pages 14–15:
- I am a temperate man and have made it a rule not to drink before luncheon. But I was so much ashamed of my first feeling about Gorman that I thought it well to break my rule. […] I gave my vote for whisky and soda as the more thorough-going drink of the two. A cocktail is seldom more than a mouthful.
- Proceeding from temperance.
- 1733–1737, Alexander Pope, [Imitations of Horace], London: […] R[obert] Dodsley [et al.]:
- Living in an environment that is temperate, not extreme.
- temperate fishes
- (moderate): See also Thesaurus:moderate
- (moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions): See also Thesaurus:temperate and Thesaurus:sober
- (geology) temperate zone, that part of the earth which lies between either tropic and the corresponding polar circle; -- so called because the heat is less than in the torrid zone, and the cold less than in the frigid zones.
moderate; not excessive heat, climate
not marked with passion
moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions
proceeding from temperance
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
temperate (third-person singular simple present temperates, present participle temperating, simple past and past participle temperated)
- (obsolete) To render temperate; to moderate
- 1613, John Marston, The Insatiate Countess:
- It inflames temperance, and temp'rates wrath.
(obsolete) to render temperate
- “temperate”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- inflection of temperare:
temperate f pl
- “temperate”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “temperate”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- second-person singular voseo imperative of temperar combined with te
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