tener

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Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tenēre, present active infinitive of teneō.

Verb[edit]

tener

  1. to have, hold

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tenēre, present active infinitive of teneō.

Verb[edit]

tener

  1. have got, to have
  2. to have to (indicates necessity)

Conjugation[edit]

Impersonal forms
Infinitive tener
Gerund teniendo
Past participle teníu
Personal forms
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Indicative Present tengo
teo
to
tienes tien tenemos tenéis tienen
Imperfect preterite tenía teníes tenía teníamos~teníemos teníais~teníeis teníen
Perfect preterite tuvi
tevi
tuvisti
tuviesti
tuvo
tevo
tuvimos
tuviemos
tuvistis
tuviestis
tuvieron
Pluperfect preterite tuviera~tuviere tusviera~tuvieres tuviera~tuviere tuviéramos~tuviéremos tuvierais~tuviereis tuvieran~tuvieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Subjunctive Present tenga tengas tenga tengamos tengáis tengan
Imperfect preterite tuviera~tuviere tusviera~tuvieres tuviera~tuviere tuviéramos~tuviéremos tuvierais~tuviereis tuvieran~tuvieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Potential Future tendré tendrás tendrá tendremos tendréis tendrán
Conditional tendría tendríes tendría tendríamos~tendríemos tendríais~tendríeis tendríen
- tu vusté nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós vustedes
Imperative ten vamos tener tenéi

Interlingua[edit]

Verb[edit]

tener

  1. to hold

Conjugation[edit]


Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

tener

  1. apocopic form of tenere

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ten- (to stretch, draw). Cognates include Ancient Greek τείνω (teinō), Sanskrit तनोति (tanóti) and Old English þennan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tener m (feminine tenera, neuter tenerum); first/second declension

  1. soft, delicate, tender
  2. young, youthful
  3. effeminate, sensitive

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension, masculine nominative singular in -er.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative tener tenera tenerum tenerī tenerae tenera
genitive tenerī tenerae tenerī tenerōrum tenerārum tenerōrum
dative tenerō tenerae tenerō tenerīs tenerīs tenerīs
accusative tenerum teneram tenerum tenerōs tenerās tenera
ablative tenerō tenerā tenerō tenerīs tenerīs tenerīs
vocative tener tenera tenerum tenerī tenerae tenera

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin tener, tenerum.

Adjective[edit]

tener m (feminine tenra, masculine plural teners, feminine plural tenras)

  1. tender

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

tener

  1. (Sursilvan) to hold, keep
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tenēre (to hold, to have), present active infinitive of teneō (I hold, I have).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tener (first-person singular present tengo, first-person singular preterite tuve, past participle tenido)

  1. (transitive) To have, possess an object.
    Ella tiene seis hermanos. — “She has six brothers.”
    Tengo una pluma. — “I have a pen.”
  2. (transitive) To possess a condition or quality.
    Usted tiene suerte. — “You are lucky.” (literally: “You have luck.”)
    ¡Ten cuidado! — “Be careful!” (literally: “Have care!”)
    ¿Quién tiene razón? — “Who is right?” (literally: "Who has reason?")
  3. (transitive) To hold, grasp.
    Ten esto. — “Hold this.”
  4. (transitive) To contain.
    Este tarro tiene las cenizas. — “This jar contains the ashes.”
  5. (transitive) To feel (internally).
    Él le tiene mucho cariño a ella. — “He feels much admiration for her.”
    Tengo frío. — “I feel cold.”
    Tenemos hambre. — “We are hungry.” (literally: “We feel hunger.”)
  6. (transitive) To make to feel.
    Eso nos tiene tristes. — “That makes us sad.”
  7. (transitive) To be of a measure or age.
    Tiene tres metros de ancho. — “It is three metres wide.”
    Tengo veinte años. — “I am twenty years (old).”


Usage notes[edit]

  • (to feel): Tener is often used with nouns like calor (heat), frío (coldness), hambre (hunger), sed (thirst), etc. to express a personal condition, as shown in examples above.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]