tetanus

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See also: Tetanus

English[edit]

Muscular spasms in a patient suffering from tetanus.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tetanus, from Ancient Greek τέτανος (tétanos), from τείνω (teínō, I stretch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tetanus (usually uncountable, plural tetani)

  1. (pathology, countable) A serious and often fatal disease caused by the infection of an open wound with the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani, found in soil and the intestines and faeces of animals.
    Synonym: lockjaw
  2. (physiology, countable) A state of muscle tension caused by sustained contraction arising from a rapid series of nerve impulses which do not allow the muscle to relax.
    • 1998 January 16, Pierre-Marie Lledo et al., “Postsynaptic Membrane Fusion and Long-Term Potentiation”, in Science[1], volume 279, number 5349, DOI:10.1126/science.279.5349.399, pages 399-403:
      We first saturated LTP in one pathway by applying repetitive tetani that had no effect on the control pathway []

Derived terms[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

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Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Noun[edit]

tetanus m

  1. tetanus (pathology)

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtetɑnus/, [ˈt̪e̞t̪ɑnus̠]
  • Rhymes: -etɑnus
  • Syllabification: te‧ta‧nus

Noun[edit]

tetanus

  1. (pathology) tetanus

Declension[edit]

Inflection of tetanus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative tetanus tetanukset
genitive tetanuksen tetanusten
tetanuksien
partitive tetanusta tetanuksia
illative tetanukseen tetanuksiin
singular plural
nominative tetanus tetanukset
accusative nom. tetanus tetanukset
gen. tetanuksen
genitive tetanuksen tetanusten
tetanuksien
partitive tetanusta tetanuksia
inessive tetanuksessa tetanuksissa
elative tetanuksesta tetanuksista
illative tetanukseen tetanuksiin
adessive tetanuksella tetanuksilla
ablative tetanukselta tetanuksilta
allative tetanukselle tetanuksille
essive tetanuksena tetanuksina
translative tetanukseksi tetanuksiksi
instructive tetanuksin
abessive tetanuksetta tetanuksitta
comitative tetanuksineen
Possessive forms of tetanus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person tetanukseni tetanuksemme
2nd person tetanuksesi tetanuksenne
3rd person tetanuksensa

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek τέτανος (tétanos); New Latin usage specific to the bacteria-caused disease.

Noun[edit]

tetanus m (genitive tetanī); second declension

  1. A stiffness or spasm of the neck; tetanus
  2. (New Latin) The disease caused by Clostridium tetani.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tetanus tetanī
Genitive tetanī tetanōrum
Dative tetanō tetanīs
Accusative tetanum tetanōs
Ablative tetanō tetanīs
Vocative tetane tetanī

References[edit]