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See also: thanks and þank



Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English thank, from Old English þanc (thought, favour, grace, pleasure, satisfaction, thanks), from Proto-Germanic *þankaz (thought, remembrance, gratitude), from Proto-Indo-European *tong-, *teng- (to think). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Tonk, West Frisian tank, Dutch dank, Low German Dank, German Dank, Danish tak, Swedish tack, Faroese tøkk, Icelandic þökk. Related to thought.


thank (plural thanks)

  1. (obsolete in the singular) An expression of appreciation; a thought.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English thanken, thankien, from Old English þancian, þoncian (to thank, give thanks), from Proto-Germanic *þankōną (to thank), from Proto-Germanic *þankaz (thought, gratitude), from Proto-Indo-European *teng- (to think, feel). Cognate with Saterland Frisian tonkje (to thank), West Frisian tanke (to thank), Dutch danken (to thank), Low German danken (to thank), German danken (to thank), Danish takke (to thank), Swedish tacka (to thank), Icelandic þakka (to thank). Of the same root as the above etymology. Related to thought.


thank (third-person singular simple present thanks, present participle thanking, simple past and past participle thanked)

  1. (transitive) To express gratitude or appreciation toward.
    She thanked him for the lift.
    • 1900 May 17, L[yman] Frank Baum, chapter 23, in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Chicago, Ill.; New York, N.Y.: Geo[rge] M. Hill Co., →OCLC:
      The Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman and the Lion now thanked the Good Witch earnestly for her kindness; and Dorothy exclaimed: []
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 4, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I told him about everything I could think of; and what I couldn't think of he did. He asked about six questions during my yarn, but every question had a point to it. At the end he bowed and thanked me once more. As a thanker he was main-truck high; I never see anybody so polite.
  2. (transitive) To feel gratitude or appreciation toward.
    I'll thank you not to smoke in my house!
    • 1844, The Quarterly Review, volume 74, page 104:
      Our readers would not thank us for going into the badgerings which had for some time annoyed the chancellor on the subject of arrears in his court.
  3. (transitive) To credit or hold responsible.
    We can thank global warming for this weather.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.



From Old English þancian, þoncian (to thank, give thanks), from Proto-Germanic *þankōną (to thank).


thank (third-person singular simple present thanks, present participle thankin, simple past thankit, past participle thankit)

  1. to thank