til

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See also: TIL, 'til, til-, and тіл

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English til, from Old English til (to, until), possibly from Old Norse til, both from Proto-Germanic *tila- (goal), or Proto-Germanic *til (to, towards). Compare to Old Frisian til.

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

til

  1. (colloquial) until, till
    • 2010 May, Parker, James, “Revenge of the Wimps”, in The Atlantic Monthly[1], volume 305, number 4, page 38:
      EVEN IF YOU MAKE ME WRITE IN THIS EVERY DAY TIL THEY LET ME OUT OF HERE

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. (colloquial) until, till
    • 2004 Nov, “The Role of Close Friends in African American Adolescents' Dating and Sexual Behavior”, in Journal of Sex Research, volume 41, number 4, page 351-362:
      I just don't know how to just come out in the blue and say it, so I just wait til it comes up...
    • 2008 Winter, Copperman, Michael, “Gone”, in Arkansas Review, volume 39, number 3, Arkansas State University, page 139-145:
      Let him wander round and kids gone meddle him til he get to fighting again.
  2. (archaic) ~ to: as far as; down to; up to, until

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

til (plural tils)

  1. The sesame plant
  2. A species of tree in the Lauraceae family, native to Madeira and the Canary Islands; Ocotea foetens.
See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *dɨl.

Noun[edit]

til

  1. tongue
  2. language

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[2], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse til, from Proto-Germanic *tila- (goal), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near, at).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -e

Adverb[edit]

til

  1. more, additional, another
    Giv mig en kage til.
    Give me another cake.
  2. to, having as destination
    Gå hen til huset.
    Go to the house.
  3. such that something is caused to be in a fitting state
    • 2015, Christine Proksch, Turen Går Til Wien, Politikens Forlag →ISBN
      Kalkstenen smuldrer og skal erstattes, og uafbrudt skyder stilladser i vejret, så der kan slibes til og skiftes ud.
      The limestone crumbles and must be replaced, and scaffolds pop up unceasingly, so that grinding and replacing can take place.
    • 2008, Selvstyrende team - ledelse og organisation, Samfundslitteratur →ISBN, page 35
      Det betyder, at personligheden skal slibes til, sådan at den passer optimalt ind i den konkrete jobprofil, hvilket sker på bekostning af det personlige udtryk.
      This means that personality must be grinded, such that it fits optimally into the job profile in question, which happens at the cost of personal expression.
  4. such that some pathway or cavity is blocked
    Kloakken er stoppet til.
    The sewer is blocked.
  5. with force
    Tryk til!
    Push forcefully!

Conjunction[edit]

til

  1. till, until
    Jeg venter til det bliver mørkt.
    I shall wait till it is dark.

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. to (clarification of this definition is needed)
  2. for, intended for
    Jeg har en gave til dig.
    I have a gift for you.
  3. interested in, especially sexually; into
    Beklager, jeg er kun til kvinder.
    Sorry, I'm only into women.
    Er du til analsex?
    Are you into anal sex?
  4. at (clarification of this definition is needed)
  5. by (clarification of this definition is needed)
  6. with (clarification of this definition is needed)
  7. as (clarification of this definition is needed)

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tɪl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

til f (plural tillen, diminutive tilletje n)

  1. dovecote
    Synonyms: duiventil, columbarium, duivenhuis
  2. (dialectal) bridge, typically a small wooden bridge made of planks
  3. (dated) cage trap for catching birds

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

til

  1. first-person singular present indicative of tillen
  2. imperative of tillen

Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Noun[edit]

til

  1. bridge

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse til, from Proto-Germanic *tila- (goal), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near, at).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. (with accusative or with genitive) to, towards

Derived terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

til

  1. until

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

til

  1. Romanization of 𐍄𐌹𐌻

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse til, from Proto-Germanic *tila- (goal), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near, at).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. (governs the genitive) to, towards
    Ég fer til Japans.
    I'm going to Japan.
    Ég er með bréf til þín.
    I have a letter [addressed] to you.

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English till.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. until, till (in time)
  2. to, up to, as far as (in space)

Derived terms[edit]

  • til rivido! (goodbye!, literally until the re-seeing!)

Interjection[edit]

til

  1. Short for til rivido (goodbye).

Kurdish[edit]

til

Noun[edit]

til f

  1. finger (extremity of the hand)


This Kurdish entry was created from the translations listed at finger. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see til in the Kurdish Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) April 2008



Marshallese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Micronesian *sulu, from Proto-Oceanic *suluq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *suluq. Cognate with Cebuano sulo, Tagalog sulo, Malay suluh, Palauan tuich.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

til

  1. a torch

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English til (to, until), possibly from Old Norse til, both from Proto-Germanic *tila- (goal), or Proto-Germanic *til (to, towards). Cognate with Old Norse til, Old Frisian til.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

til

  1. until, till
    • a. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Man of Law's Tale”, in The Canterbury Tales, line 788-791:
      [] And plesed hym in al that ever she myghte. / He drank, and wel his girdel underpighte; / He slepeth, and he fnorteth in his gyse / Al nyght, til the sonne gan aryse.
      [] and she pleased him with everything she possibly could. / He drank, and his belt became stuffed well; / he slept, and snorted like he usually did / throughout the night, until the sun arose.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: til, till
  • Scots: til

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. until, till
    • a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “Ezechiel 1:27”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
      And Y ſiȝ as a licneſſe of electre, as the biholding of fier with ynne, bi the cumpas therof; fro the lendis of hym and aboue, and fro þe lendis of him til to bynethe, Y siȝ as the licneſſe of fier ſchynynge in cumpas, []
      And I saw something like amber, which had something fire spread around within it. From above his torso and his torso up to the bottom (of him), I saw something like fire shining around him, []
  2. (with "to") as far as; down to; up to, until
    • a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “Ezechiel 40:14-15”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
      [] and bifore the face of the ȝate that laſtid til to the face of the porche of the ynner ȝate, he mad fifti cubitis.
      And from in front of the gate's front up to the porch of the inner gate, he measured fifty cubits.

Descendants[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse til, from Proto-Germanic *tila- (goal), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near, at).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. to
    fra ... til ... - from ... to ...

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse til, from Proto-Germanic *tila- (goal), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near, at).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. to (indicating destination)
    Dei er på veg til fylkesgrensa.
    They are on their way to the county border.
  2. for
    Denne presangen er til deg.
    This present is for you.
  3. of (indicating possession)
    Han er faren til guten.
    He is the father of the boy.
  4. until
    Me køyrde til me kom fram.
    We drove until we got there.

Adverb[edit]

til

  1. another, one more
    Eg tek eit kakestykke til.
    I'll take another piece of cake.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *tila-, whence also Old Frisian til, Old High German zil (German Ziel), Old Norse tilr, Gothic 𐍄𐌹𐌻 (til).

Adjective[edit]

til

  1. good (morally good; competent; useful, etc.)
    Til sceal mid tilum.
    The good shall be with the good.
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

til n (nominative plural tilas)

  1. use, service, convenience
    Gewritu secgaþ ðæt seó wiht sý mid moncynne miclum ticlum sweotol and gesýne, sundorcræft hafaþ.
    Writings say that those beings were to mankind of great service; they clearly and obviously had special powers.
  2. goodness, kindness
    Me on ðínum tile gelǽr ðæt ic teala cunne ðín sóðfæst weorc healdan.
    Thy goodness teaches me that I should maintain your righteous work.

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from Old Norse til[1] though the OED has it as "Germanic" and related to Old Norse til and to Old Frisian til[2]

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. to, until, unto
    Ðá cueð til him ðe Hǽlend
    Then quoth unto them the Savior.
    • c. 800, Ruthwell Cross, found in Ruthwell, Scotland.
      ᛣᚱᛁᛋᛏ ᚹᚫᛋ ᚩᚾ ᚱᚩᛞᛁ ᚻᚹᛖᚦᚱᚨ / ᚦᛖᚱ ᚠᚢᛋᚨ ᚠᛠᚱᚱᚪᚾ ᛣᚹᚩᛗᚢ / ᚨᚦᚦᛁᛚᚨ ᛏᛁᛚ ᚪᚾᚢᛗ
      Krist wæs on rodi. Hweþræ'/ þer fusæ fearran kwomu / æþþilæ til anum.
      Christ was on the cross. Yet / the brave came there from afar / to their lord.

References[edit]

  1. ^ till” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *til (to, towards). Cognate with Old English til, Old Frisian til.

Preposition[edit]

til

  1. (with genitive) to, towards

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • til in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • “til” in: Richard Cleasby, Guðbrandur Vigfússon — An Icelandic-English Dictionary (1874)

Portuguese[edit]

Examples

não (no), cão (dog), chão (floor), pão (bread), mão (hand), perdão (pardon), limão (lemon), irmão (brother), irmã (sister), pinhão (pine seed), algodão (cotton), corações (hearts), manhã (morning), Guimarães, Camões

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan tille, from Latin titulus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

til m (plural tis or tiles)

  1. tilde, a diacritic (˜). Used in Portuguese to indicate a nasal vowel.
  2. trifle (something of little importance or worth)

Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic тил
Roman til
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *dɨl.

Noun[edit]

til (plural tillar)

  1. tongue
  2. language