tres

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

tres (plural treses)

  1. (music) A three-course stringed instrument similar to a guitar; the Cuban variant has six strings, and the Puerto Rican has nine.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *trõtja, etymologically identical with Proto-Slavic *tratjǫ (to spend, to waste).[1]

Noun[edit]

tres (first-person singular past tense treta, participle tretur)

  1. I dissolve, digest, melt down, lose weight
  2. I throw away
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “tres”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 464

Aragonese[edit]

Aragonese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three

Asturian[edit]

Asturian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceru

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres (indeclinable)

  1. three
Usage notes[edit]

When there is possibility of confusion with the preposition tres, the numeral tres is accented as trés

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin trāns (beyond, on the other side).

Preposition[edit]

tres

  1. behind, beyond
  2. after

Catalan[edit]

Catalan cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercer
    Multiplier : triple
Catalan Wikipedia article on tres

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres m or f

  1. three

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

tres m (plural tresos)

  1. three

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of tresindstyve, from "tre +‎ sinde +‎ tyve", lit. "three times twenty".

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. sixty

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

tres” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog


Galician[edit]

Galician cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceiro
Galician Wikipedia article on tres

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

tres (indeclinable)

  1. three

Interlingua[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Kabuverdianu cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese três.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three (3)

Kristang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three

Latin[edit]

Latin numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 III
3
4  → 
    Cardinal: trēs
    Ordinal: tertius
    Adverbial: ter
    Multiplier: triplex, triplus
    Distributive: ternī
    Fractional: triens

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Sanskrit त्रि (trí), Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs) and Old English þrēo (English three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Cerberus canis trium capitum est (Cerberus is a three-headed dog).

Numeral[edit]

trēs (neuter tria); third-declension two-termination numeral, plural only

  1. three; 3
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.450–451:
      tria Cerberus extulit ora et tres latratus semel edidit
      Cerberus put forth three mouths and issued three barks at once
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Samuelis II.14.27:
      nati sunt autem Absalom filii tres et filia una nomine Thamar eleganti forma
      And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance

Usage notes[edit]

See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers

Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective, plural only.

Number Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative trēs tria
Genitive trium
Dative tribus
Accusative trēs
trīs
tria
Ablative tribus
Vocative trēs tria

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Eastern Romance
    • Aromanian: trei
    • Istro-Romanian: trei
    • Megleno-Romanian: trei
    • Romanian: trei
  • Franco-Provençal: três
  • Ligurian: træ
  • Italo-Dalmatian
  • Old French: trois
  • Old Occitan: tres
  • Rhaeto-Romance
  • Sardinian: tres
  • Venetian: tre
  • West Iberian

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

tres

  1. plural of tre

Middle French[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tres

  1. manuscript form of trés

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

tres

  1. passive of tre (Etymologies 3 & 4)

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three

Related terms[edit]


Old Occitan[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three (3)

Descendants[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three (3)

Descendants[edit]


Papiamentu[edit]

Papiamentu cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese três and Spanish tres and Kabuverdianu tres.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three (3)

Portuguese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tres

  1. Obsolete spelling of três

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) trais
  • (Sursilvan, Surmiran) treis

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Number[edit]

tres

  1. (Sutsilvan) three

Sardinian[edit]

Sardinian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /trɛs/, [ˈtrɛzɛ̆]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (Limba Sarda Comuna) three

Spanish[edit]

Spanish numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 3 4  → 
    Cardinal: tres
    Ordinal: tercero
    Multiplier: triple
    Fractional: tercio

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Tagalog cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : ika-tres

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish tres.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three
    Synonym: tatlo