tres

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See also: trés, très, três, třes, treš, tres-, and trěś

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

tres ‎(plural treses)

  1. (music) A three-course stringed instrument similar to a guitar; the Cuban variant has six strings, and the Puerto Rican has nine.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *trõtja, etymologically identical with Slavic *tratjǫ, *tratiti 'to spend, to waste'[1].

Noun[edit]

tres ‎(first-person singular past tense treta, participle tretur)

  1. I dissolve, digest, melt down, lose weight
  2. I throw away
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language, V.Orel, Koninklijke Brill ,Leiden 2000, p.464

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Asturian[edit]

Asturian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceru

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) three
Usage notes[edit]

When there is possibility of confusion with the preposition tres, the numeral tres is accented as trés

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin trāns ‎(beyond, on the other side).

Preposition[edit]

tres

  1. behind, beyond
  2. after

Catalan[edit]

Catalan cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercer
    Multiplier : triple
Catalan Wikipedia article on tres

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres m, f

  1. (cardinal) three

Derived terms[edit]

  • tenir en cap a tres quarts de quinze = be absent-minded or crazy
  • en un tres i no res = very soon and quick
  • buscar tres peus al gat = search for all the inconveniences

Noun[edit]

tres m ‎(plural tresos)

  1. three

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of tresindstyve, from "tre +‎ sinds +‎ tyve", lit. "three into twenty".

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) sixty

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

tres” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog


Galician[edit]

Galician cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceiro
Galician Wikipedia article on tres

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres ‎(indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) three

Interlingua[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Kristang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Latin[edit]

Latin cardinal numbers
 <  II III IV  > 
    Cardinal : trēs
    Ordinal : tertius
    Adverbial : ter
    Multiplier : triplex
    Distributive : ternī
Latin Wikipedia article on trēs

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Sanskrit त्रि ‎(trí), Ancient Greek τρεῖς ‎(treîs) and Old English þrēo (English three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

trēs m pl, f pl ‎(neuter tria); third declension

  1. (cardinal) three; 3
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.450–451
      tria Cerberus extulit ora et tres latratus semel edidit
      Cerberus put forth three mouths and issued three barks at once
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Samuelis II.14.27
      nati sunt autem Absalom filii tres et filia una nomine Thamar eleganti forma
      And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance

Usage notes[edit]

See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers

Declension[edit]

Third declension, no singular.

Number Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative trēs tria
genitive trium
dative tribus
accusative trēs tria
ablative tribus
vocative trēs tria

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • tres in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tres in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • TRES in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a word with you: tribus verbis te volo

Middle French[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tres

  1. manuscript form of trés

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

tres

  1. passive of tre (Etymologies 3 & 4)

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Related terms[edit]


Old Provençal[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three (3)

Papiamentu[edit]

Papiamentu cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three (3)

Portuguese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tres

  1. Obsolete spelling of três

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) trais
  • (Sursilvan, Surmiran) treis

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Number[edit]

tres

  1. (Sutsilvan, cardinal) three

Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three

Spanish[edit]

Spanish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercero
    Multiplier : triple

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Related terms[edit]