- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /tɹʌɪaŋɡjʊˈleɪʃn̩/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌtɹaɪˌæŋɡjəˈleɪʃən/
- Rhymes: -eɪʃən
- Hyphenation: tri‧an‧gu‧lat‧ion
- (uncountable, surveying) A technique in which distances and directions are estimated from an accurately measured baseline and the principles of trigonometry.
- (countable, surveying) The network of triangles so obtained, that are the basis of a chart or map.
- (countable, chess) A delaying move in which the king moves in a triangular path to force the advance of a pawn.
- (uncountable, navigation, seismology) A process by which an unknown location is found using three known distances from known locations.
- (uncountable, politics) The practice of repositioning one's group or oneself on the political spectrum in an attempt to capture the centre.
- (uncountable, qualitative research) The use of three (or more) researchers to interview the same people or to evaluate the same evidence to reduce the impact of individual bias.
- 2003 December 1, Nahid Golafshani, “Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research”, in The Qualitative Report, volume 8, number 4, page 603:
- Even though triangulation is used in quantitative paradigm for confirmation and generalization of a research, Barbour (1998) does not disregard the notion of triangulation in qualitative paradigm and she states the need to define triangulation from a qualitative research's perspective in each paradigm. For example, in using triangulation of several data sources in quantitative research, any exception may lead to a disconfirmation of the hypothesis where exceptions in qualitative research are dealt to modify the theories and are fruitful.
Terms derived from triangulation