triclinium

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin trīclīnium, from Ancient Greek τρικλίνιον (triklínion).

Noun[edit]

triclinium (plural tricliniums or triclinia)

  1. (historical, Roman antiquity) A couch for reclining at mealtimes, extending round three sides of a table, and usually in three parts.
    • 1831, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Romance and Reality, volume 1, page 259:
      Seated on the triclinium in the midst is a middle-aged man, with a high and noble brow; the fine aquiline nose, so patrician, as if their eagle had set his own seal on his warlike race;...
  2. (historical, Roman antiquity) A dining room furnished with such a triple couch.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “triclinium” in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

triclinium m (plural trincliniums or triclinia)

  1. triclinium

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Tria trīclīnia in trīclīniō. (Three triclinia (couches) in a triclinium (dining room).)

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek τρικλίνιον (triklínion), from τρεῖς (treîs, three) + κλίνω (klínō, to lean).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /triːˈkliː.ni.um/, [t̪riːˈklʲiːniʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /triˈkli.ni.um/, [t̪riˈkliːnium]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

trīclīnium n (genitive trīclīniī or trīclīnī); second declension

  1. dining room, where three couches are laid out for dining around a small serving table.
  2. a couch for reclining at meal, on which three people may recline.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative trīclīnium trīclīnia
Genitive trīclīniī
trīclīnī1
trīclīniōrum
Dative trīclīniō trīclīniīs
Accusative trīclīnium trīclīnia
Ablative trīclīniō trīclīniīs
Vocative trīclīnium trīclīnia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: triclinio

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

triclinium n (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of tricliniu