tuath

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See also: Tuath and túath

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Irish túath.

Noun[edit]

tuath (plural tuaths or tuatha)

  1. (historical) A tribe or group of people in Ireland, having a loose voluntary system of governance entered into through contracts by all members.
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, p. 331:
      There was nothing fixed or enduring about many tuatha, and reflecting the itinerant character of much of Irish society, the Church developed the peculiar phenomenon of roving ecclesiastic families [...].

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish túath, from Proto-Celtic *toutā, from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuath f (genitive singular tuaithe, nominative plural tuatha)

  1. (historical) people, tribe
    1. country, territory
    2. petty kingdom; territorial unit (of ancient Ireland)
  2. laity
  3. rural districts, country (rural area), countryside

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tuath thuath dtuath
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "tuath" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 túath” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  1. IPA(key): /t̪ʰuə/[1]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish túath, from Proto-Celtic *toutā, from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂.

Noun[edit]

tuath f (genitive singular tuatha, plural tuathan)

  1. country people, folk
  2. countryside
  3. laity
  4. peasantry
  5. tenantry
Related terms[edit]
  • tuathanach (farmer, agriculturalist, peasant; tenant; yeoman)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish túaid, túaith.

Noun[edit]

tuath f

  1. north
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tuath

  1. northern, north

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 1 túath” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • túaid, thúaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.