utu

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See also: UTU, Utu, and ütü

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Maori utu.

Noun[edit]

utu (uncountable)

  1. (New Zealand) Recompense, payback; revenge.
    • 2008, Christina Thompson, Come on Shore and We Will Kill and Eat You All, Bloomsbury 2009, p. 129:
      Utu demanded that both favors and grievances be repaid in kind, but it was the grievances, naturally, that caused the most trouble.
    • 2011, Andrew Alderson, New Zealand Herald, 19 Sep 2011:
      The match had been touted as a chance for utu after the 1999 and 2007 All Blacks World Cup defeats.

Buginese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kutu, from Proto-Austronesian *kuCu.

Noun[edit]

utu

  1. louse (insect)

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi
Utu.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *utu, probably borrowed from Proto-Germanic [Term?] (compare Icelandic úði (drizzle)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈutu/, [ˈut̪u]
  • Rhymes: -utu
  • Syllabification: u‧tu

Noun[edit]

utu

  1. haze, mist (of water vapor)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The words sumu, usva and utu all describe "visible water vapor lightly suspended near the ground", but at different degrees. Sumu is the thickest and utu thinnest.
  • utu is used for haze caused by water vapor - if the haze is caused by something else, it is called auer.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of utu (Kotus type 1*F/valo, t-d gradation)
nominative utu udut
genitive udun utujen
partitive utua utuja
illative utuun utuihin
singular plural
nominative utu udut
accusative nom. utu udut
gen. udun
genitive udun utujen
partitive utua utuja
inessive udussa uduissa
elative udusta uduista
illative utuun utuihin
adessive udulla uduilla
ablative udulta uduilta
allative udulle uduille
essive utuna utuina
translative uduksi uduiksi
instructive uduin
abessive udutta uduitta
comitative utuineen
Possessive forms of utu (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person utuni utumme
2nd person utusi utunne
3rd person utunsa

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *utu. Cognates include Finnish utu and Estonian udu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

utu

  1. Synonym of tomakka

Declension[edit]

Declension of utu (type 4/koivu, t- gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative utu uut
genitive uun uttuin, utuloin
partitive uttua uttuja, utuloja
illative uttuu uttuihe, utuloihe
inessive uus utuis, utulois
elative uust utuist, utuloist
allative uulle utuille, utuloille
adessive uul utuil, utuloil
ablative uult utuilt, utuloilt
translative uuks utuiks, utuloiks
essive utunna, uttuun utuinna, utuloinna, uttuin, utuloin
exessive1) utunt utuint, utuloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Chernyavskij's declension of utu
singular plural
nominative utu uut
genitive uun uttuloin
partitive uttuua uttuloja
illative uttuu uttuloihe
inessive uu'uz uttuloiz
elative uust uttuloist
allative uulle uttuloille
adessive uu'ul uttuloil
ablative uult uttuloilt
translative uuks uttuloiks
essive uttuun uttuloin
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 620
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[1]

Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian, from Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *utuŋ (compare Hawaiian uku, Malay untung).

Noun[edit]

utu

  1. pay; payment; salary
  2. revenge; payback

Verb[edit]

utu (passive utua or utungia)

  1. to pay
  2. to reply; to answer

Usage notes[edit]

  • Describes reciprocal obligations.

References[edit]

  • utu” in John C. Moorfield, Te Aka: Maori-English, English-Maori Dictionary and Index, 3rd edition, Longman/Pearson Education New Zealand, 2011, →ISBN.

Maquiritari[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

utu

  1. (transitive) to give

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “utu”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988), “utu:du”, in The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volume I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University
  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “utūdu”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[2], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

utu ?

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • Pali Text Society (1921-1925), “utu”, in Pali-English Dictionary‎, London: Chipstead

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

utu

  1. Romanization of 𒌓 (utu)

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

u- (-ness) +‎ -tu (person)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

utu (u class, no plural)

  1. humanity, human nature, ubuntu

Ternate[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

utu

  1. (transitive) to harvest
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of utu
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toutu foutu miutu
2nd noutu niutu
3rd Human outum, moutuf iutu, youtu
Non-human iutu iutu, youtu
* m - masculine, f - feminine, - archaic

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

utu

  1. a kind of small squid

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tetum[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kutu, compare Indonesian kutu.

Noun[edit]

utu

  1. louse

West Makian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly compare Ternate wito, Sahu itomo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

utu

  1. (transitive) to push

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of utu (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person toutu moutu autu
2nd person noutu foutu
3rd person inanimate iutu doutu
animate
imperative nuutu, utu fuutu, utu

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Ternate utu (root).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

utu

  1. root (of a tree), vein

References[edit]

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[3], Pacific linguistics

Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

utu (m)

  1. iron (device for pressing clothes)