vera

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See also: Vera, verá, vêra, Věra, and вера

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Vera Lynn.

Noun[edit]

vera (plural veras)

  1. (Cockney rhyming slang) skin (rolling paper for cigarettes)
    • 1992, The Shamen (band), Ebeneezer Goode (song)
      Has anybody got any veras? Lovely!

Etymology 2[edit]

As vega, with the "g" substituted with a "r" to represent risk-free (interest rate).

Noun[edit]

vera (uncountable)

  1. (finance) A second-order measure of derivative price sensitivity, expressed as the rate of change of vega with respect to changes in the risk-free interest rate, or equivalently the rate of change of rho with respect to changes in the volatility of the underlying asset.
Synonyms[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]
  • (measure of derivative price sensitivity): Greeks (includes list of coordinate terms)

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin viria.

Noun[edit]

vera f (plural veres)

  1. edge, side
  2. bank (of river)
  3. wayside (of road, etc.)
  4. acre (of land)
  5. edging

Related terms[edit]


Ese[edit]

Noun[edit]

vera

  1. fence
  2. wall

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [ˈvera]
  • Hyphenation: ve‧ra
  • Rhymes: -era

Adjective[edit]

vera (accusative singular veran, plural veraj, accusative plural verajn)

  1. true

Related terms[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vera (to be), from vesa, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- and *h₂wes-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vera (third person singular past indicative var, third person plural past indicative vóru, supine verið)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, takes nominative adjectives or nouns) to be

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of vera (irregular)
infinitive vera
supine verið
participle verandi -
present past
first singular eri var
second singular ert vart
third singular er var
plural eru vóru
imperative
singular ver!
plural verið!

Noun[edit]

vera f (genitive singular veru, plural verur)

  1. being

Declension[edit]

Declension of vera
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative vera veran verur verurnar
accusative veru veruna verur verurnar
dative veru veruni verum verunum
genitive veru verunnar vera veranna

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vera, earlier vesa, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną. Cognate with Danish være, Norwegian Bokmål være, Norwegian Nynorsk vera, and Swedish vara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vera (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative var, third-person plural past indicative voru, supine verið)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, takes nominative adjectives or nouns) to be
    Það er gaman að vera góður.
    It is fun being good.
    vera eða vera ekki.
    To be or not to be.
    Ég var kennari áður en ég gerðist stærðfræðingur.
    I was a teacher before I become a mathematician.

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The subjunctive forms , sért, , séum, séuð and séu are used as other Icelandic verbs, e.g. when the situation is hypothetical. By contrast, the forms veri, verir, veri, verum, verið and veri are unique to the verb vera, in that they are used optatively to express desires; e.g., fari hann og veri means may he leave and never return, and the phrase peace be upon you is translated friður veri með þér.

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

vera f (genitive singular veru, nominative plural verur)

  1. a being, a creature
  2. a stay

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Esperanto vera, Italian vero, French vrai and Spanish vero.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɛ.ra/, /ˈve.ra/

Adjective[edit]

vera

  1. true

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈve.ra/
  • Rhymes: -era
  • Hyphenation: vé‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin viria (bracelet), from Gaulish *viros (round, crooked), from Proto-Celtic *wēros (crooked), from Proto-Indo-European *weyh₁ros (turned, twisted, threaded), from *weyh₁- (to turn, twist, weave).

Noun[edit]

vera f (plural vere)

  1. (northern Italy) wedding ring, wedding band
    Synonym: fede
  2. (architecture) puteal, wellhead
    Synonyms: ghiera, puteale

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

vera

  1. feminine singular of vero

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From vērus (true).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vēra

  1. nominative feminine singular of vērus
  2. nominative neuter plural of vērus
  3. accusative neuter plural of vērus
  4. vocative feminine singular of vērus
  5. vocative neuter plural of vērus
Descendants[edit]
  • French: voire

Adjective[edit]

vērā

  1. ablative feminine singular of vērus

Etymology 2[edit]

From vēr (Spring).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vēra n

  1. nominative plural of vēr
  2. accusative plural of vēr
  3. vocative plural of vēr

References[edit]

  • vera in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vera, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną. The present tense is suppletive and is from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vera (present tense er, past tense var, past participle vore, passive infinitive verast, present participle verande, imperative ver)

  1. to be
    Ikkje alle kunne vera til stades.
    Not everyone could be present.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is a split infinitive verb.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From vesa, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną.

Verb[edit]

vera

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

In certain contexts in poetry the initial vowel of certain forms of this verb could be dropped. Thus the form ro (normalized spelling ru), from ero (normalized eru), is found in Vǫlospá stanza 45 (scildir ro klofnir - shields are cloven).

The forms with /s/ instead of /r/ are older forms, found in older manuscripts. Note that although er comes from earlier es, eru does not come from earlier *esu.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vera in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vera

  1. feminine singular of vero

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vera (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of verra

Adverb[edit]

vera (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of verra

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *věra, from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁ros.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʋêra/
  • Hyphenation: ve‧ra

Noun[edit]

vȅra f (Cyrillic spelling ве̏ра)

  1. belief, faith
  2. religion
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Italian vera.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʋêːra/
  • Hyphenation: ve‧ra

Noun[edit]

vȇra f (Cyrillic spelling ве̑ра)

  1. wedding ring
Declension[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *věra

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vẹ́ra f

  1. belief
  2. faith
  3. religion

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. véra
gen. sing. vére
singular dual plural
nominative véra véri vére
accusative véro véri vére
genitive vére vér vér
dative véri vérama véram
locative véri vérah vérah
instrumental véro vérama vérami

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • vera”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbeɾa/, [ˈbe.ɾa]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin viria.

Noun[edit]

vera f (plural veras)

  1. (poetic) side, face
    Synonym: lado
    A tu vera.By your side.
  2. shore, bank (of a watercourse)
    Synonyms: ribera, orilla
  3. edge, border
    Synonym: orilla
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English verawood.

Noun[edit]

vera f (plural veras)

  1. verawood (Plectrocarpa arborea, syn. Bulnesia arborea)

Etymology 3[edit]

Inflected form of vero

Adjective[edit]

vera

  1. feminine singular of vero

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vera (to be), from vesa, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- and *h₂wes-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vera (present singular gjär or jer, plural jera or jara or jåra or vara, preterite var or vær, plural vor, supine vörä or vuri or vyri, negated ovörä or ovuri or ovyri)

  1. to be
    doran jåra ipi
    the doors are open
    trȯja giär agg
    the sweater is inside out
    räingblåommen jera jåo fin å
    marigolds are nice as well
    Han hadd ovyri i anne.
    He had not been anywhere else.

Alternative forms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rietz, Johan Ernst, “vera”, in Svenskt dialektlexikon: ordbok öfver svenska allmogespråket [Swedish dialectal lexicon: a dictionary for the Swedish lects] (in Swedish), 1962 edition, Lund: C. W. K. Gleerups Förlag, published 1862–1867, page 795