verbum

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See also: Verbum

Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

verbum ‎(plural verba)

  1. verb

Synonyms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From Latin verbum ‎(word).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /vɛrbɔm/, [ˈvæɐ̯b̥ɔm]

Noun[edit]

verbum n (singular definite verbet, plural indefinite verber)

  1. (grammar) verb (a word that indicates an action, event, or a state)

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia la

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *werβom, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰom ‎(word). Confer Umbrian 𐌖𐌄𐌓𐌚𐌀𐌋𐌄 ‎(uerfale).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • verbvm, uerbum (dated)
  • Verbum

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

verbum n ‎(genitive verbī); second declension

  1. word
    In principio erat Verbum et Verbum erat apud Deum et Deus erat Verbum.
    In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and God was the Word.
    Res, non verba.
    Actions speak louder than words (literally, Actions, not words).
  2. proverb
  3. (grammar) verb

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative verbum verba
genitive verbī verbōrum
dative verbō verbīs
accusative verbum verba
ablative verbō verbīs
vocative verbum verba

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • verbum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • verbum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • VERBUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to crave humbly; to supplicate: supplicibus verbis orare
    • what he said made a deep impression on..: hoc verbum alte descendit in pectus alicuius
    • to agree in fact but not in word: re concinere, verbis discrepare
    • to address a meeting of the people: verba facere apud populum, in contione
    • pathos; passion: magniloquentia, granditas verborum
    • the plain style: verborum tenuitias, oratio subtilis
    • well-chosen language, grace of style: ornatus orationis, verborum
    • to explain one's sentiments: sententias (verbis) explicare, aperire
    • to express clearly, make a lifelike representation of a thing: exprimere aliquid verbis or oratione (vid. sect. VI. 3, note adumbrare...)
    • the connection: perpetuitas verborum
    • to go deeply into a matter, discuss it fully: multa verba facere
    • to give a full, detailed account of a thing: pluribus verbis, copiosius explicare, persequi aliquid
    • the circumstances are described in language worthy of them: rebus verba respondent
    • to be unable to say all one wants: verbis non omnia exsequi posse
    • I have abundance to say: res (opp. verba) mihi suppetit
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): ad verbum transferre, exprimere
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): verbum e verbo exprimere
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): verbum pro verbo reddere
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): totidem verbis transferre
    • to translate freely: his fere verbis, hoc fere modo convertere, transferre
    • the structure of the sentence: compositio, structura verborum
    • the period: ambitus, circuitus, comprehensio, continuatio (verborum, orationis), also simply periodus
    • the construction: constructio, structura verborum, forma dicendi
    • profusion of words: copia, ubertas verborum
    • to be rich in words: verbis abundantem esse, abundare
    • poverty of expression: inopia verborum
    • to employ carefully chosen expressions: lectissimis verbis uti (De Or. 3. 37)
    • obsolete, ambiguous expressions: prisca, obsoleta (opp. usitata), ambigua verba
    • nominally; really: verbo, nomine; re, re quidem vera
    • literally: si verba spectas
    • in some one's name; on some one's behalf (not nomine alicuius): verbis alicuius, e.g. salutare (Liv. 9. 36)
    • these are mere empty phrases: haec verba sunt (Ter. Phorm. 3. 2. 32)
    • mere words; empty sound: inanis verborum sonitus
    • senseless rant: inanium verborum flumen
    • to not say a word: nullum (omnino) verbum facere
    • to say not a syllable about a person: ne verbum (without unum) quidem de aliquo facere
    • to speak on a subject: verba facere (de aliqua re, apud aliquem)
    • to extract a word from some one: verbum ex aliquo elicere
    • to hold an altercation with a man: verbis concertare or altercari cum aliquo (B. C. 3. 19. 6)
    • an altercation, debate: verborum concertatio
    • to say only a few words: pauca dicere (pauca verba dicere only of the orator)
    • all this means to say: omnia verba huc redeunt
    • no word escaped him: nullum verbum ex ore eius excidit (or simply ei)
    • to unable to find a suitable expression: verbo parum valere (Tusc. 3. 5. 11)
    • not to understand a single word: verbum prorsus nullum intellegere
    • to introduce a new word into the Latin language: inducere novum verbum in latinam linguam
    • to invent, form words: verba parere, fingere, facere
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • to derive a word from... (used of an etymologist): verbum ductum esse a...putare
    • to derive a word from... (used of an etymologist): originem verbi repetere a...
    • to give the etymological explanation of words: nomina enodare or verborum origines quaerere, indagare
    • what is the meaning, the original sense of this word: quae est vis huius verbi?
    • the fundamental meaning of a word: vis et notio verbi, vocabuli
    • to hold by the letter (of the law): verba ac litteras or scriptum (legis) sequi (opp. sententia the spirit)
    • the order of words: ordo verborum (Or. 63. 214)
    • a figurative expression; a word used metaphorically: verbum translatum (Or. 27. 92)
    • well-arranged words: verba composita
    • a trope; metonymy: verborum immutatio
    • it was said long ago that..: vetus (verbum) est (c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • minute, pedantic carping at words: verborum aucupium or captatio
    • the text of the author (not textus): verba, oratio, exemplum scriptoris
    • to strike out, delete a word: inducere verbum (Phil. 13. 19. 43)
    • the terms, contents of the letter are as follows: litterae in hanc sententiam or his verbis scriptae sunt
    • insulting expressions: voces (verba) contumeliosae
    • insulting expressions: verborum contumeliae
    • to deceive a person, throw dust in his eyes: verba dare alicui (Att. 15. 16)
    • to read prayers for the congregation to repeat: praeire verba (carmen) (Liv. 31. 17)
    • a word with you: tribus verbis te volo
    • remember me to your brother: nuntia fratri tuo salutem verbis meis (Fam. 7. 14)
    • to use Cicero's expression; to say with Cicero (not ut cum Cicerone loquar): ut Ciceronis verbis utar
    • to use the mildest expression: ut levissime dicam (opp. ut gravissimo verbo utar)