versus

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See also: Versus, vérsus, verŝus, and vēršus

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin versus (against, turned), past participle of vertere (to turn, change, overthrow, destroy).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Conjunction[edit]

versus

  1. Used to link two or more opposing or contrasting elements.

Synonyms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

versus

  1. against, in opposition to.
    It is the Packers versus the Steelers in the Super Bowl.
  2. compared with, as opposed to.
    • 2012 November 7, Matt Bai, “Winning a Second Term, Obama Will Confront Familiar Headwinds”, in New York Times[1]:
      In polling by the Pew Research Center in November 2008, fully half the respondents thought the two parties would cooperate more in the coming year, versus only 36 percent who thought the climate would grow more adversarial.
    • 2005, Robert E. Weiss, Modeling Longitudinal Data, Springer, ISBN 978-0-387-40271-0, page 104:
      If, for example, we select random people entering a workout gym, versus if we pick random people entering a hospital, we will get very different samples.
  3. Bringing a legal action against, as used in the title of a court case in which the first party indicates the plaintiff (or appellant or the like), and the second indicates the defendant (or respondent or the like).
    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (especially the non-legal senses): vs, vs. (abbreviation)
  • (especially the legal sense): v, v. (abbreviation)

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

versus

  1. versus

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Perfect passive participle of vertō (to turn).

Alternative forms[edit]

Participle[edit]

versus m (feminine versa, neuter versum); first/second declension

  1. turned, changed, having been turned
Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative versus versa versum versī versae versa
genitive versī versae versī versōrum versārum versōrum
dative versō versō versīs
accusative versum versam versum versōs versās versa
ablative versō versā versō versīs
vocative verse versa versum versī versae versa
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adverbial use of versus (turned).

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

versus (not comparable)

  1. towards, turned to or in the direction of, facing
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Action noun from vertō + tus.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

versus m (genitive versūs); fourth declension

  1. a furrow (turned earth)
  2. (transf.) a line, row
    1. (partic.) a line of writing, a verse
      Si versus horum duorum poetarum neglegetis, magna parte litterarum carebitis.
      If you neglect the verses of these two poets, you will miss a great part of literature.
  3. a land measure (= πλέθρον (pléthron))
  4. (dance) a turn, step
Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative versus versūs
genitive versūs versuum
dative versuī versibus
accusative versum versūs
ablative versū versibus
vocative versus versūs
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Perfect passive participle of verrō (to sweep).

Participle[edit]

versus m (feminine versa, neuter versum); first/second declension

  1. swept
Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative versus versa versum versī versae versa
genitive versī versae versī versōrum versārum versōrum
dative versō versō versīs
accusative versum versam versum versōs versās versa
ablative versō versā versō versīs
vocative verse versa versum versī versae versa

References[edit]

  • versus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • versus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “versus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • versus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to sing the praises of some one (not canere aliquem: alicuius laudes versibus persequi
    • to celebrate some one's exploits in song: alicuius res gestas versibus ornare, celebrare
    • (ambiguous) in all directions: quoquo versus; in omnes partes
    • (ambiguous) to advance in the direction of Rome: Romam versus proficisci
    • (ambiguous) to write poetry: versus facere, scribere
    • (ambiguous) to write poetry with facility: carmina , versus fundere (De Or. 3. 50)
    • (ambiguous) to recite a poem, line with appropriate action: carmen, versum agere

Portuguese[edit]

Preposition[edit]

versus

  1. Alternative spelling of vérsus

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

versus

  1. versus
    Esta noche transmitiremos a Alberto del Río versus John Cena en vivo.
    Tonight, we'll be broadcasting Alberto del Rio versus John Cena live.

Usage notes[edit]

This word is sometimes frowned upon as an anglicism, with the suggestion that contra or the conjunction y should be used instead.