vilciens

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Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From vilk(t) (to pull) +‎ -iens (with k > c palatalization) by analogy with German ziehen (to pull), Zug (train). The sense “train” originated at the end of the 19th century and became frequent in the 20th century, replacing a previous borrowing bānis, from German Bahn (way), Eisenbahn (rainway).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

Vilciens (2)

vilciens m (1st declension)

  1. one-off event of dragging, pulling, drawing, or its result
    otas, zīmuļa, spalvas vilciensa stroke of a brush, pencil, pen
    gleznotājs glezno plašiem vilcieniemthe painter paints with broad strokes
    rokraksta vilciensa handwritten stroke (e.g., part of a letter)
    elpas vilciensone breath (lit. breath stroke)
    dzert gariem vilcieniemto drink in long gulps
  2. train (line of connected railroad cars pulled by a locomotive)
    braukt ar vilcienuto travel by train
    tālsatiksmes vilcienslong-distance train
    piepilsētas vilcienscommuter train
    elektriskais vilcienselectric train
    pasta, preču, vilcienspost, goods train
    smagsvara vilciensheavy freight train
    pasažieru, tūristu vilcienspassenger, tourist train
    vilcienu sarakststrain timetable
    vilciena kupejatrain compartment
    vilciena pavadonistrain attendant
    nokavēt vilcienuto miss the train
  3. a characteristic feature
    iezīmīgs vilciens rakstnieka prozāa typical feature in the writer's prose
    mīlestība uz kokiem ir viens no dziļākiem vilcieniem Blaumaņa dvēselēlove of trees is one of the deepest features in Blaumanis' soul

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vilciens”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7