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From Proto-Indo-European *weyk- (to curve, bend). Cognate with vicis, Ancient Greek εἴκω (eíkō).



vinciō (present infinitive vincīre, perfect active vinxī, supine vinctum); fourth conjugation

  1. I bind, tie up, fetter.
  2. I lace, fasten.
  3. I surround, guard.


   Conjugation of vincio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vinciō vincīs vincit vincīmus vincītis vinciunt
imperfect vinciēbam vinciēbās vinciēbat vinciēbāmus vinciēbātis vinciēbant
future vinciam vinciēs vinciet vinciēmus vinciētis vincient
perfect vinxī vinxistī vinxit vinximus vinxistis vinxērunt, vinxēre
pluperfect vinxeram vinxerās vinxerat vinxerāmus vinxerātis vinxerant
future perfect vinxerō vinxeris vinxerit vinxerimus vinxeritis vinxerint
passive present vincior vincīris, vincīre vincītur vincīmur vincīminī vinciuntur
imperfect vinciēbar vinciēbāris, vinciēbāre vinciēbātur vinciēbāmur vinciēbāminī vinciēbantur
future vinciar vinciēris, vinciēre vinciētur vinciēmur vinciēminī vincientur
perfect vinctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect vinctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect vinctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vinciam vinciās vinciat vinciāmus vinciātis vinciant
imperfect vincīrem vincīrēs vincīret vincīrēmus vincīrētis vincīrent
perfect vinxerim vinxerīs vinxerit vinxerīmus vinxerītis vinxerint
pluperfect vinxissem vinxissēs vinxisset vinxissēmus vinxissētis vinxissent
passive present vinciar vinciāris, vinciāre vinciātur vinciāmur vinciāminī vinciantur
imperfect vincīrer vincīrēris, vincīrēre vincīrētur vincīrēmur vincīrēminī vincīrentur
perfect vinctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect vinctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vincī vincīte
future vincītō vincītō vincītōte vinciuntō
passive present vincīre vincīminī
future vincītor vincītor vinciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives vincīre vinxisse vinctūrus esse vincīrī vinctus esse vinctum īrī
participles vinciēns vinctūrus vinctus vinciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
vincīre vinciendī vinciendō vinciendum vinctum vinctū

Derived terms[edit]


  • vincio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vincio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vincio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make a speech rhythmical: numeris orationem astringere, vincire
    • (ambiguous) in everything nature defies imitation: in omni re vincit imitationem veritas
    • (ambiguous) the majority were of the opinion..: sententia vincit (Liv. 2. 4. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to be defeated in fight, lose the battle: proelio vinci, superari, inferiorem, victum discedere
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1130