vinum

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See also: vínům

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

vinum

  1. indefinite dative plural of vinur

Latin[edit]

vīnum

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wīnom, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyh₁nom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīnum n (genitive vīnī); second declension

  1. wine
    • In vīnō vēritās.
      In wine lies the truth.
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.195-197:
      Vīna bonus quae deinde cadīs onerārat Acestēs
      lītore Trīnacriō dederatque abeuntibus hērōs
      dīvidit [...].
      Next, wine – which good Acestes had loaded in casks along the Sicilian shore, and [which that] hero had given upon our departures – [Aeneas] divided up.
      (See: Acestes/Acestes; Aeneas/Aeneas; “Trinacria” was an ancient name for Sicily/Sicily.)
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 3.305:
      vīna quiēs sequitur
      Rest is following the wines.
      Or, in more natural English, as implied by the plural vīna:
      [Drink] [enough] wine, [and] rest follows.
  2. (figuratively) grapes
  3. (figuratively) a grapevine

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vīnum vīna
Genitive vīnī vīnōrum
Dative vīnō vīnīs
Accusative vīnum vīna
Ablative vīnō vīnīs
Vocative vīnum vīna

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: yin, yinu
    • Istro-Romanian: vir
    • Megleno-Romanian: vin
    • Romanian: vin
  • Dalmatian:
  • North Italian:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Gallo-Romance:
    • Franco-Provençal: vin
    • Old French: vin (see there for further descendants)
  • Occitano-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
    • Aragonese: bin
    • Old Leonese:
    • Old Portuguese: vỹo, vinno
      • Fala: vinu
      • Galician: viño, vĩo (Ancarese)
      • Portuguese: vinho (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Spanish: vino
      • Ladino: vino
      • Spanish: vino (see there for further descendants)
  • Insular Romance:
  • Borrowings:
    • Proto-Celtic: *wīnom (see there for further descendants)
    • Etruscan: 𐌅𐌉𐌍𐌖𐌌 (vinum)
    • Proto-Germanic: *wīną (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Slavic: *vino (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • vinum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vinum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vinum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vinum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to refresh oneself, minister to one's bodily wants: corpus curare (cibo, vino, somno)
    • to be given to drink: vino deditum esse, indulgere
  • vinum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vinum”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

vinum

  1. dative plural of vinr