vitrum

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wedro-(glass), from Proto-Indo-European *wed-ro-(water-like), from *wódr̥(water), whence also Latin unda(water). Compare semantic parallel in Middle Iranian where "glass" is also derived from "water": Middle Persian ʾp̄ḵynk'(ābgēnag, crystal, glass), compound of ʾp̄(āb, water) + -kyn'(-gēn) + -k'(-ag) > Persian آبگینه(ābgīna, glass), Sogdian ʾʾpkyn-, ʾʾpkynʾk(crystal), Ossetian авг(avg) (Iron) / авгæ(avgæ, glass; bottle) (Digor). Compare also Old Armenian ապակի(apaki) and Hungarian üveg(glass; bottle). The plant and its dye were named after the color of glass in antiquity.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vitrum n ‎(genitive vitrī); second declension

  1. glass
    Mihi dicendum est de materia, ex qua vitrum conficitur.
  2. a woad; a plant used for dying blue
  3. woad; a blue dye used by the Britons made from that plant

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vitrum vitra
genitive vitrī vitrōrum
dative vitrō vitrīs
accusative vitrum vitra
ablative vitrō vitrīs
vocative vitrum vitra

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

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References[edit]