vulgar

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See also: vulgär and vulgær

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English [Term?], from Latin vulgāris, from volgus, vulgus (mob; common folk), from Proto-Indo-European *wl̥k- (compare Welsh gwala (plenty, sufficiency), Ancient Greek ἁλία (halía, assembly) εἰλέω (eiléō, to compress), Old Church Slavonic великъ (velikŭ, great).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈvʌl.ɡə/
  • (US) enPR: vŭlʹgər, IPA(key): /ˈvʌl.ɡɚ/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

vulgar (comparative more vulgar or vulgarer, superlative most vulgar or vulgarest)

  1. Debased, uncouth, distasteful, obscene.
    • 1551, James A.H. Murray, editor, A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles: Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by the Philological Society.[1], volume 1, Oxford: Clarendon Press, published 1888, Part 1, page 217:
      Also the rule of false position, with dyuers examples not onely vulgar, but some appertaynyng to the rule of Algeber.
    • The construction worker made a vulgar suggestion to the girls walking down the street.
  2. (classical sense) Having to do with ordinary, common people.
    • (Can we date this quote by Bishop Fell and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      It might be more useful to the English reader [] to write in our vulgar language.
    • (Can we date this quote by Bancroft and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      The mechanical process of multiplying books had brought the New Testament in the vulgar tongue within the reach of every class.
    • 1860, G. Syffarth, "A Remarkable Seal in Dr. Abbott's Museum at New York", Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis‎, age 265
      Further, the same sacred name in other monuments precedes the vulgar name of King Takellothis, the sixth of the XXII. Dyn., as we have seen.
  3. (especially taxonomy) Common, usual; of the typical kind.
    the vulgar bush brown, Bicyclus vulgaris
    • 1869, Richard Francis Burton, The Highlands of the Brazil, page 85:
      A vulture (V. aura), probably the Acabiry first described by Azara, is here called [] the hunter. It resembles in form the vulgar bird, but it flies high. The head is red, and the wings are black with silver lining, like the noble Bateleur of Africa.

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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

vulgar (plural vulgars)

  1. (classicism) A common, ordinary person.
    • 2016, Evan Gottlieb, Juliet Shields, Representing Place in British Literature and Culture, 1660-1830
      Popular antiquarian writings [] frequently focused on the regional vulgars' superstitious beliefs regarding the dead and their ongoing presence—such as popular funeral rites or the vulgars' fear of church yards.
  2. (collective) The common people.
  3. The vernacular tongue or common language of a country.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies; Published according to the True Originall Copies, London, act 5, scene 1, page 204, Internet Shakespeare Editions:
      Therefore you Clowne, abandon: which is in the vulgar, leaue the societie: which in the boorish, is companie, of this female: which in the common, is woman: which together, is, abandon the society of this Female,  []
      (Or in a modern form: Therefore, you clown, abandon—which is in the vulgar, “leave”—the society—which in the boorish is “company”—of this female—which in the common is “woman”—which together is: abandon the society of this female, [])

Catalan[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vulgar (masculine and feminine plural vulgars)

  1. vulgar

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Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vulgāris.

Adjective[edit]

vulgar m or f (plural vulgares)

  1. common to the people, vulgar
  2. ordinary, undistinguished
  3. popular, commonly understood, as opposed to scientific or technical
  4. simple, unintelligent

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Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vulgāris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vulgar (plural vulgares, comparable)

  1. common to the people, vulgar
  2. ordinary, undistinguished
  3. popular, commonly understood, as opposed to scientific or technical
  4. simple, unintelligent

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Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French vulgaire, Latin vulgaris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vulgar m or n (feminine singular vulgară, masculine plural vulgari, feminine and neuter plural vulgare)

  1. vulgar

Declension[edit]

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vulgāris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vulgar (plural vulgares)

  1. vulgar

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]