From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: warstwą


Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative forms[edit]


Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vьrstva.[1][2] First attested in the 16th century. Doublet of wiorsta.



warstwa f (diminutive warstewka, related adjective warstwowy)

  1. layer; coat; film; coating (single thickness of some material covering a surface)
    1. layer (item of clothing worn under or over another)
  2. (sociology) stratum (class of society composed of people with similar social, cultural, or economic status)
    Synonyms: klasa, pokład, stan
  3. (literary) layer; tier (components of a thing or phenomenon with specific features, isolated on the basis of adopted criteria)
    Synonyms: płaszczyzna, poziom
  4. (geology) layer, bed, stratum (layer of sedimentary rock having approximately the same composition throughout)


Derived terms[edit]



According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), warstwa is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 40 times in scientific texts, 118 times in news, 4 times in essays, 6 times in fiction, and 1 time in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 169 times, making it the 342nd most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[3]


  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005), “warstwa”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Mańczak, Witold (2017), “warstwa”, in Polski słownik etymologiczny (in Polish), Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności, →ISBN
  3. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “warstwa”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 2, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 652

Further reading[edit]