wif

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Alteration of with.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

wif

  1. (informal, dialectal, nonstandard) with
    • 1998, Ted Shine, Contributions, →ISBN, page 31:
      That's what I mo' wear wif my shoes.
    • 2000, Jan King, It'a A Girl Thing: The Hilarious Truth About Women, →ISBN, page 161:
      I been at the gym gettin' down wif my peeps.
    • 2002, Stan Hayes, The Rough English Equivalent, →ISBN, page 324:
      If I don' have no problem wif my high school test?

Anagrams[edit]


Mapudungun[edit]

Adjective[edit]

wif (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. long
  2. straight

Adverb[edit]

wif (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. directly

Noun[edit]

wif (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. irrigation ditch

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English wīf, from Proto-Germanic *wībą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wif (plural wifes or wives or wive)

  1. woman, female human
  2. wife, female spouse
    • ca. 1380: It cam in cuppemele — this craft my wif used! — William Langland, Piers Plowman
    • ca. 1380, — Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, The Merchant's Tale
      That in a morwe unto this May saith he
      Rys up, my wif, my love, my lady fre
  3. The leading woman of a household; a matriarch.
  4. A female animal, especially one mating.
  5. A concubine.

Antonyms[edit]

  • wer (with respect to gender)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: wife
  • Scots: wife

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wībą, of uncertain origin. Cognate with Old Frisian wīf, Old Saxon wīf, Old Dutch wīf, Old High German wīb, Old Norse víf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wīf n

  1. woman
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, John 4:27
      His leornungcneohtas wundrodon þæt hē wiþ wīf spræc, þēah heora nān ne cwæþ "Hwæt sēcst þū?" oþþe "Hwæt spricst þū wiþ hīe?"
      His disciples were amazed that he was talking to a woman, though none of them said "What are you looking for?" or "Why are you talking to her?"
    • late 10th century, Ælfric, "The Annunciation of St. Mary"
      Ūs becōm dēaþ and forwyrd þurh wīf, and ūs becōm eft līf and hredding þurh wīfmann.
      Death and disaster came to us through a woman [Eve], and then life and salvation came to us through a woman [Mary].
  2. wife

Usage notes[edit]

  • Since wīf is a grammatically neuter noun, all accompanying articles, determiners, and adjectives take neuter forms: þæt ealde wīf ("the old woman").
  • However, pronouns referring back to wīf are almost always feminine: Ġesiehst þū þæt wīf sēo þǣr stent? Canst þū hīe? ("Do you see the woman who [feminine] is standing there? Do you know her?"). This is similar to the situation of the neuter word mæġden (girl) and the masculine word wīfmann (woman), whose grammatical genders also disagree with their natural genders.

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • wer (with respect to gender)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • wiif (Late Old Frisian)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *wīb, from Proto-Germanic *wībą, of uncertain origin. Cognates include Old English wīf, Old Saxon wīf and Old Dutch wīf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wīf n

  1. woman
  2. wife

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

West Frisian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

wif

  1. shaky
  2. impermanent
  3. fickle, indecisive

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of wif
uninflected wif
inflected wiffe
comparative wiffer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial wif wiffer it wifst
it wifste
indefinite c. sing. wiffe wiffere wifste
n. sing. wif wiffer wifste
plural wiffe wiffere wifste
definite wiffe wiffere wifste
partitive wifs wiffers

Further reading[edit]

  • wif”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011