winnen

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See also: Winnen

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch winnen, from Old Dutch winnan, from Proto-Germanic *winnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to strive, desire, wish, love).

Verb[edit]

winnen

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to win, to triumph, to be victorious (in)
  2. (transitive) to acquire
  3. (transitive) to extract, to refine, to harvest (from base materials such as ore or crops)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of winnen (strong class 3)
infinitive winnen
past singular won
past participle gewonnen
infinitive winnen
gerund winnen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular win won
2nd person sing. (jij) wint won
2nd person sing. (u) wint won
2nd person sing. (gij) wint wont
3rd person singular wint won
plural winnen wonnen
subjunctive sing.1 winne wonne
subjunctive plur.1 winnen wonnen
imperative sing. win
imperative plur.1 wint
participles winnend gewonnen
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German winnen, from Old Saxon winnan, from Proto-Germanic *winnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to strive, desire, wish, love). Compare Dutch winnen, German gewinnen, English win, Norwegian vinne, Swedish vinna.

Verb[edit]

winnen (past singular wunn, past participle wunnen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to win

Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German, from Old Saxon windan, from Proto-Germanic *windaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to strive, desire, wish, love). Compare German winden, Dutch winden, English wind.

Verb[edit]

winnen (past singular wunn, past participle wunnen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to wind
  2. to wreathe
  3. to winch
  4. to wrest

Conjugation[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German wenen, from Old High German wennen. Cognate with German gewöhnen (with prefix ge-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

winnen (third-person singular present winnt, past participle gewinnt, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (reflexive, with preposition un) to get used to, to adapt to, to familiarise with
  2. (transitive) to bring up, to raise, to nurture

Conjugation[edit]

Regular
infinitive winnen
participle gewinnt
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular winnen
2nd singular winns winn
3rd singular winnt
1st plural winnen
2nd plural winnt winnt
3rd plural winnen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch winnan, from Proto-Germanic *winnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to strive, desire, wish, love).

Verb[edit]

winnen

  1. to win, to acquire through effort, to earn
  2. to acquire, to get
  3. to gain
  4. to delve, to mine
  5. to conquer, to take
  6. (of a male) to beget (a child), to sire
  7. (of a female) to give birth to

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Indicative Present Past
1st singular winne wan
2nd singular wins, winnes wons, wonnes
3rd singular wint, winnet wan
1st plural winnen wonnen
2nd plural wint, winnet wont, wonnet
3rd plural winnen wonnen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular winne wonne
2nd singular wins, winnes wonnes
3rd singular winne wonne
1st plural winnen wonnen
2nd plural wint, winnet wonnet
3rd plural winnen wonnen
Imperative Present
Singular win, winne
Plural wint, winnet
Present Past
Participle winnende gewonnen

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • winnen (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • winnen (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929