wort

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See also: Wort, wòrt, and wört

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English wort, wurt, wyrte (plant), from Old English wyrt (herb, vegetable, plant, crop, root), from Proto-Germanic *wurtiz, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Cognate with German Wurz (herb, root), Danish urt (herb), Swedish ört (herb), Icelandic jurt (herb), Latin rādix (root). More at root.

Noun[edit]

wort (plural worts)

  1. (archaic) A plant; herb; vegetable.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970:
      :
      he drinks water, and lives on wort leaves, pulse, like a hogg, or scraps like a dog […].
    • 1845, Rev. Jeremy Taylor, Works:
      It is an excellent pleasure to be able to take pleasure in worts and water, in bread and onions, for then a man can never want pleasure when it is so ready for him, that nature hath spread it over all its provisions.
  2. Any of various plants or herbs. The word is usually used in combination to refer to specific plants, e.g. St. John’s wort; however, it may be used on its own as a generic term.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

2008-09-20 Wort first run-off 2.jpg

From Middle English wort, worte (brewing wort), from Old English wyrt, wyrte (brewing wort, new beer, spice), from Proto-Germanic *wurtijō (spice), from Proto-Indo-European *wr̥h₂d- (sprout, root). Cognate with Dutch wort (wort), German Würze (wort, seasoning, spice), Danish urt (beer wort), Swedish vört (beer wort).

Noun[edit]

wort (uncountable)

  1. (brewing) Liquid extract from the ground malt and grain soaked in hot water, the mash, as one of the steps in making beer.
    • 2004, Harold McGee, chapter 13, in On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen, Scribner, →ISBN:
      Making the wort with nothing but barley malt and hot water is the standard method in Germany, and in many U.S. microbreweries. In most large breweries in the United States and elsewhere, unmalted “adjunct” sources of carbohydrate— ground or flaked rice, corn, wheat, barley, even sugar— are commonly added to the liquid to lower the amount of malt needed, and so the brewer’s production costs.
    • 2017, Jon C. Stott, Beer 101 North:
      While Robert and I were chatting generally about the craft brewing explosion, Piper arrived in the taproom. He didn't call her his “ale wife,” but it soon became apparent that she had “good wort cunning.”
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Alemannic German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German wort, from Old High German wort, from Proto-Germanic *wurdą. Cognate with German Wort, Dutch woord, English word, Icelandic orð.

Noun[edit]

wort n

  1. (Formazza) word

References[edit]

  • “wort” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

wort n (uncountable)

  1. wort (unfermented beer)

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch wort, from Proto-Germanic *wurdą, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰh₁om.

Noun[edit]

wort n or f

  1. word
  2. diction, what someone says or writes
  3. prescription, order

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • wort”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • wort (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English wyrt (plant, herb), from Proto-Germanic *wrōts (oblique stem *wurt-), from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Doublet of rote (root).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wort (plural wortes or worten)

  1. A plant (not including trees, shrubs, etc.):
    • a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “Matheu 13:31-32”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
      Another parable Jheſus puttide forth to hem, and ſeide, The kyngdom of heuenes is lijk to a corn of ſeneuey, which a man took, and ſewe in his feeld. / Which is the leeste of alle ſeedis, but whanne it hath woxen, it is the moste of alle wortis, and is maad a tre; ſo that briddis of the eir comen, and dwellen in the bowis therof.
      Jesus put another parable in front of them; he said: "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed that a person took and sowed in their field. / It is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it grows, it is the largest of all the plants; it becomes a tree, so the birds of the air come and nest in its branches."
    1. A plant that is wild or not cultivated or harvested.
    2. A plant that harvested or grown; often as a herb or vegetable.
    3. A plant employed for supposed curative or medical properties.
    4. A leaf as part of a salad or other vegetable dish.
Usage notes[edit]

This term is often used in compounds.

Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English wyrt, wyrte (wort), from Proto-Germanic *wurtijō.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wort (uncountable)

  1. Wort (as in brewing) or an analogous mixture (e.g. used for mead)
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German wort.
The sense verb is a literal translation of Latin verbum.

Noun[edit]

wort n

  1. word
  2. (grammar) verb
    • 14th century, Heinrich von Mügeln. Normalised spellings: 1867, Karl Julis Schröer, Die Dichtungen Heinrichs von Mügeln (Mogelîn) nach den Handschriften besprochen, Wien, p. 476:
      Nam, vornam, wort, darnâch
      zûwort, teilfanc, zûfûg ich sach,
      vorsatz, înworf under irem dach
      gemunzet und geformet stân.

Descendants[edit]


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wurdą, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰo-.

Noun[edit]

wort n

  1. word

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • wort”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wurdą, whence also Old Dutch wort, Old Saxon and Old English word, Old Norse orð, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌳 (waurd). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰo-.
The sense verb is a literal translation of Latin verbum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wort n

  1. word
  2. (grammar) verb

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]