From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



Morphologically write +‎ -en.



written (not comparable)

  1. Of, relating, or characteristic of writing (i.e., of that which has been written).
    Antonyms: oral, verbal
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. Having been written.
    Antonym: unwritten
    I can speak Japanese fairly well, but I have no understanding whatsoever of written Japanese.


  • 1978, Jacques Derrida with Alan Bass, Writing and Difference, page 62:
    It is more written than said
  • 1991, Jay Clayton with Eric Rothstein, Influence and Intertextuality in Literary History, page 109:
    ... although certainly more written than oral, are radically implicated in orality because of their performative nature and susceptibility to "mouvance"
  • 1994, Marvin L. Kalb, The Nixon Memo: Political Respectability, Russia, and the Press, page 68:
    Strmecki reworked the draft, making it seem "more written than spoken."
  • 1996, Richard M. Swiderski, The Metamorphosis of English: Versions of Other Languages, page 83:
    The Chinese is more written than the English in that the writing is more removed from speech than the phonetic English.
  • 1998, Ilana Snyder with Michael Joyce, Page to Screen: Taking Literacy Into the Electronic Era, page 96:
    Yates concludes that in terms of lexical density, 'CMC users package information in text in ways that are more written than speech-like'
  • 1998, Charles Bernstein, Close Listening: Poetry and the Performed Word, page 211:
    printed in caps to suggest that the whole performance be thought of as one gigantic sentence. If Silliman's talk is more written than spoken, ...
  • 2003, Roger Ebert, Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2004, page 71:
    Even insults, when they are traded, seem more written than felt.

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.



  1. past participle of write
    Has your girlfriend written you a letter yet?
    • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, in American Scientist:
      The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, [] . Scribes, illuminators, and scholars held such stones directly over manuscript pages as an aid in seeing what was being written, drawn, or read.