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From Ottoman Turkish يانمق (yanmak, to be burnt, suffer), from Proto-Turkic *jan- (to burn (intr.), blaze up).[1]

Cognate with Karakhanid [script needed] (yan-, to burn), Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar yanmaq (to burn), Bashkir яныу (yanïw, to burn), Chuvash ҫунма (śunma, to burn, shine, worry, suffer), Kazakh жану (janw, to burn), Kyrgyz жануу (canuu, to burn), Turkmen ýanmak (to be burnt), Uzbek yonmoq (to ignite, glow), Yakut сандаар (sandaar, to shine) (< caus. *jan-tɨr-).


yanmak (third-person singular simple present yanar)

  1. (intransitive) to burn, be on fire; to burn up, burn down
  2. (intransitive) to be burned, scorched, or singed; to get a burn or scald; to get sunburned
  3. (intransitive, for a place) to be blazing hot, be hot as blazes
  4. (intransitive) to have fever, be feverish
  5. (intransitive) to smart, suffer
  6. (intransitive) to be in a bad predicament, be sunk, be done for, have had it; to get it in the neck; to be in the soup
  7. (intransitive) to expire; to become void
  8. (intransitive, childish) to be out, be eliminated
  9. (intransitive, with dative case) to feel great sadness (at); to feel bitter regret (for)
  10. (intransitive) to be burning (with an emotion, a feeling), to have a burning desire (for).


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*jan-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill