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Alternative forms[edit]


Borrowed from Yiddish יאַרמלקע(yarmlke), from Polish jarmułka (skullcap) or a Ukrainian cognate of the same. Possibly from the Turkish yağmurluk (rainwear), though it could also be from Medieval Latin almutia (hood, cowl) (compare Latin amictus (clothed, veiled)).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈjɑːməlkə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈjɑ(ɹ)mə(l)kə/
  • (file)


yarmulke (plural yarmulkes)

  1. A skullcap worn by religious Jewish males (especially during prayer). [from 1903]
    Synonyms: kippah, kappel, skullcap
    • 1991 October 1, Richard Goldstein, “The New Anti-Semitism: A Geshrei”, in Village Voice[1], page 33:
      And I always feel uncomfortable dur­ing the High Holy Days watching people in yarmulkes rushing through the streets, knowing they’ll be swaying and moaning something ancient and indecipherable, even to me.
    • 2007 April 29, Patricia Cohen, “The Frozen Dozen”, in New York Times[2]:
      But once Dr. Levenson, who works for the Indian Health Service and wears a colorful tapestry yarmulke, has alerted the tiny network, it almost seems as if we have stepped into Yiddishland.



  • Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary 10th Edition (1997)
  • yarmulke”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.