yumruk

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Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish يومرق (yumruk, fist). Further origin unclear. Either a derivation from Proto-Turkic *jum- (round)[1] (see yumak, yumru) or from Proto-Turkic *judruk (fist) with secondary contamination with the former.[2] Clauson thinks it is rather derived from *jumur-, unrecorded causative of Proto-Turkic *jum- (to close), in the sense of "something clenched",[3] see yum- (to close, clench).

Cognate to Azeri yumruq (fist), Chagatai [script needed] (yumruq, fist), Turkmen ýumruk (fist). Compare also Old Uyghur [script needed] (yıdruk, fist), Karakhanid [script needed] (yuδruk, fist), Bashkir йоҙроҡ (yoðroq, fist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

yumruk (definite accusative yumruğu, plural yumruklar)

  1. fist

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*jɨdruk / *judruk”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2015-05-07), “yumruk”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  3. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972), “yıdruk”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 892