ze

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

ze

  1. Nonstandard spelling of the (usually signifying a foreign accent, often French or German).
    • 1992, Tristan Jones, Adrift, page 257:
      Then one French-American sous-chef, still in his white kitchen gear, climbed down from the cockpit, where he had been inspecting the cabin, peering inside, murmuring, "wonderfool–wonderfool, ze workmansheep!"

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ze

  1. (rare, nonstandard) a Gender-neutral third-person singular subject pronoun, equivalent to singular they, and coordinate with gendered pronouns he and she.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The genderqueer community are the primary proponents of ze. One refers to a person with ze and hir or zir typically (a) when their gender is unknown, and one wishes to avoid assuming their gender, or (b) when they are neither male nor female in gender, making he and she (and also either/or terms like s/he or (s)he) inappropriate and potentially hurtful.
Synonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A Gheg dialect word, of unclear origin.

Noun[edit]

ze f (indefinite plural ze, definite singular zeja, definite plural zejet)

  1. soul

Related terms[edit]


Aukan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch zee (sea).

Noun[edit]

ze

  1. the sea, the ocean

References[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German si(e) (they), merged from Old High German sie m pl, sio f pl, siu n pl, from Proto-Germanic *īz m, *ijôz f, *ijō n, the nominative plural forms of *iz. Cognate with German sie, Dutch zij.

Pronoun[edit]

ze

  1. (Sette Comuni) they
    Synonym: zandare
Alternative forms[edit]
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ze

  1. Alternative form of zi (she)

References[edit]

  • “ze” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zɛ/
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

ze

  1. from

Usage notes[edit]

This preposition is followed by the genitive case.

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ze

  1. Unstressed form of zij (feminine singular subject)
    Daar zit ze.There she is sitting.
  2. Unstressed form of zij (plural subject)
    Daar zitten ze.There they are sitting.
  3. Unstressed form of haar (feminine singular object)
    Ik zie ze.I see her.
  4. Unstressed form of hen, hun (plural object)
    Ik zie ze.I see them.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the Netherlands, ze is used as a reduced form of haar chiefly when referring to feminine inanimate things:
Ik wist de waarheid niet en ik wilde ze ook niet weten.
I didn’t know the truth and didn’t wish to know it either.
It is often avoided by using the reduced form h'r or the masculine form hem or the neuter form het or, in formal style, the full form haar.
  • In Belgium, ze is usual as a reduced form of haar even when referring to persons (as in the example further above).
  • Ze is used in certain short and idiomatic phrases in the imperative wishing one good luck, the most common by far being werk ze (good luck at work!).

Inflection[edit]


Derived terms[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French les œufs (the eggs).

Noun[edit]

ze

  1. egg

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ze (plural ze-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter Z/z.

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ze

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ze

  1. Alternative form of z (both meanings; used before sibilants and certain consonant clusters)
    Stej bratš ze sotšu.They are brother and sister
    (lit. ‘brother with sister’).

Luxembourgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • zu (for the adverb, when stressed)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ze, from Old High German zi, from Proto-Germanic *ta, reduced form of *tō, whence Luxembourgish zu and zou.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ze

  1. to (with a following infinitive)
    De Kaffi ass ze waarm fir ze drénken.
    The coffee is too hot to drink.

Adverb[edit]

ze

  1. too (more than enough, when unstressed)
    De Kaffi ass ze waarm fir ze drénken.
    The coffee is too hot to drink.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ze

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English .

Noun[edit]

ze

  1. Alternative form of see (sea)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: sea

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ze

  1. Alternative form of z.

Particle[edit]

ze

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of z.

Usage notes[edit]

See z.

Further reading[edit]

  • ze in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ze in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ze (definite accusative zeyi, plural zeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Z.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Noun[edit]

ze (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Z.

White Hmong[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ze

  1. near

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Relative[edit]

-ze?

  1. naked
    Synonym: -ntswempu

Inflection[edit]

Relative concord
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular endize endingeze ndize andize
2nd singular oze ongeze uze awuze
1st plural esize esingeze size asize
2nd plural enize eningeze nize anize
Class 1 oze ongeze uze akaze
Class 2 abaze abangeze baze abaze
Class 3 oze ongeze uze awuze
Class 4 eze engeze ize ayize
Class 5 elize elingeze lize alize
Class 6 aze angeze aze awaze
Class 7 esize esingeze size asize
Class 8 ezize ezingeze zize azize
Class 9 eze engeze ize ayize
Class 10 ezize ezingeze zize azize
Class 11 oluze olungeze luze aluze
Class 14 obuze obungeze buze abuze
Class 15 okuze okungeze kuze akuze
Class 17 okuze okungeze kuze akuze

Zazaki[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ze

  1. same

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /zé/

Relative[edit]

-zé

  1. empty
  2. naked

Inflection[edit]

Relative concord, tone H
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular engize engingeze ngize angize
2nd singular oze ongeze uze awuze
1st plural esize esingeze size asize
2nd plural enize eningeze nize anize
Class 1 oze ongeze uze akaze
Class 2 abaze abangeze baze abaze
Class 3 oze ongeze uze awuze
Class 4 eze engeze ize ayize
Class 5 elize elingeze lize alize
Class 6 aze angeze aze awaze
Class 7 esize esingeze size asize
Class 8 ezize ezingeze zize azize
Class 9 eze engeze ize ayize
Class 10 ezize ezingeze zize azize
Class 11 oluze olungeze luze aluze
Class 14 obuze obungeze buze abuze
Class 15 okuze okungeze kuze akuze
Class 17 okuze okungeze kuze akuze

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From -za (to come).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ze/

Verb[edit]

-ze

  1. (auxiliary, in positive) until [+subjunctive]
    Sizolinda baze bafike.
    We will wait until they arrive.
    Sakhuluma waze wafika uthisha.
    We talked until the teacher arrived.
  2. (auxiliary, in positive, past) used in exclamations [+subjunctive]
    Waze wamuhle umakoti!
    Oh how beautiful the bride is!
  3. (auxiliary, in negative, present) never [+potential]
    Angize ngingadla inyama.
    I never eat meat.
  4. (auxiliary, in negative, past) never [+subjunctive]
    Akazange agibele ihhashi.
    He has never ridden a horse.

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

C. M. Doke; B. W. Vilakazi (1972), “-ze”, in Zulu-English Dictionary, →ISBN: “-ze