zelts

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See also: Zelts

Latvian[edit]

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 zelts on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *želtas(gold), itself from *žel-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃-(yellow; gleam; to shine) or through the later root *ǵʰl̥-tó-m(gold) derived from the same source. (From a variant *gʰel-, *gʷʰel- comes Latvian dzeltens(yellow), which was also the original meaning of the adjectival form of zelts.) Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal želtas(golden, blond), Old Prussian sealtmeno( [zealtmeno], from *zēltmeno, oriole (“yellow bird”)), Proto-Slavic *zolto (Old Church Slavonic злато(zlato), Russian, Ukrainian золото(zóloto), Belarusian золата(zólata), Bulgarian злато(zlató), Czech zlato, Polish złoto), Sanskrit हरि(hari, to be yellow, green), Proto-Germanic *gulþą (Old Norse gull, Old High German gold, German Gold, Dutch goud, Swedish guld, English gold); compare also Persian زر(zar), Kurdish zêrr[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

Chemical element
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Next: dzīvsudrabs (Hg)

zelts m (1st declension)

  1. gold (metallic chemical element, with atomic number 79.)
    tīrradņa zelts‎ ― gold nuggets
    zelta rūda‎ ― gold ore
    zelta hlorīds‎ ― gold chloride
    zelta monēta, gredzens, pulkstenis, medaļa‎ ― gold coin, ring, clock, medal
  2. golden (having the color of gold)
    zelta dzeltens, zeltdzeltens‎ ― golden yellow
    zelta zivtiņa‎ ― golden fish
  3. golden (very good, top quality, the best of its kind)
    viņš ir zelts, ne cilvēks‎ ― he is gold, not a person
    zelta cilvkēs‎ ― golden person
    zelta vārdi‎ ― golden words
    zelta dzīve‎ ― golden life
    zelta kāzas‎ ― golden anniversary (50th wedding anniversary)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zelts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7