zelts

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Zelts

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 zelts on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *želtas (gold), itself from *žel-t-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (yellow; gleam; to shine). (From a variant *gʰel-, *gʷʰel- comes dzeltens (yellow), which was also the original meaning of the adjectival form of zelts.) Cognates include dialectal Lithuanian želtas (golden, blond), Old Prussian sealtmeno (/zealtmeno/, oriole (yellow bird)) (from *zēltmeno), Proto-Slavic *zolto (Old Church Slavonic злато (zlato), Ukrainian зо́лото (zóloto), Belarusian зо́лата (zólata), Bulgarian злато́ (zlató), Czech zlato, Polish złoto), Sanskrit हरि (hari, to be yellow, green), Proto-Germanic *gulþą (Old Norse gull, Old High German gold, German Gold, Dutch goud, Swedish guld, English gold); compare also Persian زر(zar), Northern Kurdish zêrr.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

Chemical element
Au
Previous: platīns (Pt)
Next: dzīvsudrabs (Hg)

zelts m (1st declension)

  1. gold (metallic chemical element, with atomic number 79.)
    tīrradņa zeltsgold nuggets
    zelta rūdagold ore
    zelta hlorīdsgold chloride
    zelta monēta, gredzens, pulkstenis, medaļagold coin, ring, clock, medal
  2. golden (having the color of gold)
    zelta dzeltens, zeltdzeltensgolden yellow
    zelta zivtiņagolden fish
  3. golden (very good, top quality, the best of its kind)
    viņš ir zelts, ne cilvēkshe is gold, not a person
    zelta cilvkēsgolden person
    zelta vārdigolden words
    zelta dzīvegolden life
    zelta kāzasgolden anniversary (50th wedding anniversary)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “zelts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN