პილენძი

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Old Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Klimov, from Proto-Georgian-Zan *ṗilenʓ₁- (copper). He rules out the Armenian պղինձ (płinj) as source, due to the "phonetic agreement between Kartvelian cognates". Instead, he considers პილენძი (pilenji), სპილენძი (spilenji), պղինձ (płinj) and the Arabic root *piliz (metal) derivations from an old cross-cultural term: an extended Proto-Indo-European formation *(s)plēnd- (to shine).[1]

According to Hračʿeay Ačaṙean from Old Armenian պղինձ (płinj, copper).[2]

According to Nicholas Marr and Ivane Javakhishvili from earlier *სპირენძ (*spirenj), meaning “an ore of სპერი (speri)” (modern İspir).[3]

Noun[edit]

პილენძი (pilenji)

  1. copper

Descendants[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Klimov, p. 150
  2. ^ Ačarean, p. 89b
  3. ^ Dzidziguri, p. 166

References[edit]

  • პილენძი in David Čubinov (1840), Gruzinsko-russko-francuzskij slovarʹ [Georgian–Russian–French Dictionary], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 399
  • պղինձ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, page 89b
  • Georgij A. Klimov (1998), Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages, New York, Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter
  • Dzidziguri, Shota (1988). "Life of the Word", Tbilisi: Tbilisi State University Publishing