ἐπαινέω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἐπῐ́ (epí) +‎ αἰνέω (ainéō, I approve)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἐπαινέω (epainéō)

  1. I approve, applaud, agree
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 3.461
      ὣς ἔφατ᾽ Ἀτρεΐδης, ἐπὶ δ᾽ ᾔνεον ἄλλοι Ἀχαιοί.
      So spake the son of Atreus, and all the Achaeans shouted assent.
    • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Pythian Ode 4.168
      σύνθεσιν ταύταν ἐπαινήσαντες οἱ μὲν κρίθεν
      Approving this arrangement, they parted company.
    • 414 BCE, Aristophanes, The Birds 1616
      ὁρᾷς; ἐπαινεῖ χοὖτος.
      Do you see? He also agrees.
    1. I praise, commend
    2. I agree or undertake to do
  2. I recommend, advise
    • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Ajax 1360
      τοιούσδ᾽ ἐπαινεῖς δῆτα σὺ κτᾶσθαι φίλους;
      So then, are these the type of friends that you recommend we make?
  3. Used to decline an offer or invitation.
  4. (Rhapsody) I recite

Usage notes[edit]

The aorist ἐπῄνεσα (epēínesa) is sometimes used in Attic in a present sense.

Inflection[edit]


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