ἔθνος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Indo-European *swedʰ-no-, expanded from the reflexive pronoun Proto-Indo-European *swe- (self).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἔθνος (éthnos) (genitive ἔθνεος or ἔθνους); n, third declension;

  1. group of people: tribe, family
  2. group of animals: flock, herd
  3. country, nation
  4. (later, in the plural) foreign nations, barbarians
  5. (Jewish and Christian usage, in the plural) gentiles, heathen
  6. class, caste

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

from the spoken by-form ἕθνος (héthnos):

References[edit]