ἔλαιον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare ἐλαία (elaía, olive).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἔλαιον (élaion) (genitive ἐλαίου) n, second declension

  1. olive oil, commonly used as an anointing oil
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 10.577
      τὼ δὲ λοεσσαμένω καὶ ἀλειψαμένω λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ / δείπνῳ ἐφιζανέτην, []
      • 1924 translation by A. T. Murray
        But when the twain had bathed and anointed them richly with oil, they sate them down at supper, []
  2. any oily substance
  3. (at Athens) the oil market

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]