Identical to ὅμηρος (hómēros, “hostage”), possibly an early nickname. The word itself could stem from a combination of Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō (“earthling”) + PIE suffix meaning "to join," in the sense of a master carpenter or wheel-maker.
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /hómɛ͜ɛros/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /hómeːros/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /ómiros/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /ómiros/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /ómiɾos/