ㄴ다

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Korean[edit]

Inflectional suffix[edit]

-ㄴ다 (-nda)

  1. a present tense plain style declarative ending for a verb that ends in a vowel or a consonant (l).
  2. a plain style monological interrogative ending for a verb that ends in a vowel or a consonant (l); usually used with interrogative words.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ㄴ다 (-ㄴda, “-nda”) is directly attached to the stem of a verb. If it ends in a consonant (l), the consonant (l) drops out.

E.g. (gada, “to go”) → 아빠일하 간다. (appaga ilhareo ganda., “Dad goes to work.”)
(galda, “to replace”) → 아빠형광등간다. (appaga hyeonggwangdeungeul ganda., “Dad changes the fluorescent lamp.”)

If the stem ends in a consonant other than (l), -는다 (-neunda) is used instead. This is directly attached to the stem, as well.

E.g. 잡다 (japda, “to catch”) → 포수는다. (posuga gongeul japneunda., “The catcher catches the ball.”)

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]