儿化

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

儿化

  1. (phonetic) erhua (retroflex final "r")

Usage notes[edit]

A prominent feature of northern Mandarin, it is represented by the character , but is not a syllable.

  • ending in -i, -n: left out
    一块儿 yīkuàir — yīkuàr
    慢慢儿 mànmàn ér — mànmàr
    根儿 gēn ér — gēr
  • ending in -ng: left out and nasalized
    有空儿 yǒukòng ér — yǒukõr

This pronouciation is not standard Mandarin. But there is some case where the Erhua is used in standard Mandarin.

这儿, 哪儿, 一点儿

Sometimes, peoples from the south of China have difficulty to pronouce the Erhua. So they prefer to use 这里 / 那里 instead of 这儿 / 哪儿 and 一下 instead of 一会儿.

In some case, the Erhua can change the meaning of a word.

References[edit]