-օղ

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See also: օղ and -ող

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The original spelling is -աւղ (-awł), from Proto-Indo-European *-tlo-, a thematic form of the Proto-Indo-European *-tel- suffix, with a preceding * or *. Compare ծնօղ (cnōł) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenətlo-. The spelling -ող (-oł) is either an early monophthongized version of -աւղ (-awł) or has another origin, perhaps Proto-Indo-European *-olo-, *olā-; compare the ending of Ancient Greek μαινόλης (mainólēs), φαινόλης (phainólēs). The endings of ձախող (jaxoł), յաջող (yaǰoł), խճող (xčoł) may be different from this suffix; they may be of Urartian origin.

Suffix[edit]

-օղ (-ōł)

  1. Forming adjectives and agent nouns from verbs.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Armenian grammarians assign to this a function of a participial suffix. But Old Armenian forms in -օղ (-ōł) are not participles and they do not belong to the conjugation. Old Armenian had only one true participle, formed with -եալ (-eal). In modern Armenian -ող (-oł), indeed, forms participles.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • -աւղ/-ող” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 37