Appendix:Glossary of philosophy

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This is a glossary of philosophy. See also Appendix:Glossary of philosophical isms.


Table of Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A[edit]

analytic philosophy 
A style of philosophy that came to dominate English-speaking countries in the 20th century.

C[edit]

continental philosophy 
A collective term for various philosophical traditions strongly influenced by certain 19th and 20th century philosophers from mainland Europe, such as Hegel.

E[edit]

epistemology 
The branch of philosophy dealing with the study of knowledge; theory of knowledge.
ethics 
The study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct.

L[edit]

logic 
The study of the principles and criteria of valid inference and demonstration.

M[edit]

metaphysics 
The branch of philosophy which studies fundamental principles intended to describe or explain all that is, and which are not themselves explained by anything more fundamental; the study of first principles; the study of being insofar as it is being (ens in quantum ens).

O[edit]

ontology 
The branch of metaphysics that addresses the nature or essential characteristics of being and of things that exist; the study of being qua being.

P[edit]

particular 
A particular thing.
philosophy of science 
The study of the assumptions, foundations, and implications of science.

U[edit]

universal 
A characteristic or property that particular things have in common.