Appendix:Proto-Germanic/fedwōr

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pre-Grimm *petwṓr, with an irregular consonant change from *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres. The consonant change was probably caused by the influence of the p- in "five".[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
4
Previous: *þrīz
Next: *fimf

*fedwōr (ordinal *fedurþô)

  1. four

Declension[edit]

Note: The declension for all three genders is identical.


Derived terms[edit]

In North and West Germanic, the form lost its -d- and became *fewōr, *feur, from which the attested forms are descended. In Old Norse, this would have given *fjór, but plural adjective endings were then added to this form.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006