Appendix:Proto-Germanic/wintruz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Several possibilities have been proposed, although none are convincing:

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*wintruz m

  1. winter

Declension[edit]

Most descendants (in particular Gothic) show a u-stem paradigm:


However, Old Norse shows a consonant stem paradigm:


If that is indeed the original paradigm, it may have arisen as follows: The nominative and vocative singular would have come from older *wintr̥-s and *wintr̥, respectively, into which an epenthetic u had been inserted before a syllabic sonorant, as is usual in Germanic. This formed *winturz and *wintur. The -ur- was then later metathesized into a form resembling a u-stem nominative (likely based on the accusative forms).

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]