Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/ǵr̥h₂nóm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a substantivised form of *ǵr̥h₂-nós (matured, grown old), itself a verbal adjective derived from *ǵerh₂- (to grow old, to mature).

Noun[edit]

*ǵr̥h₂nóm n[1][2]

  1. grain

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian:
    • Albanian: grurë (possibly; alternatively a loan from Latin)
  • Balto-Slavic: *źirˀna-
    • Slavic: *zьrno (See there for further descendants.)
  • Celtic: *grānom (See there for further descendants.)
  • Germanic: *kurną (See there for further descendants.)
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Iranian:
      • Pashto: zaṇai ~ zaṛai
      • Persian: خرمن (xarman)
  • Italic:
    • Latin: grānum (See there for further descendants.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006
  2. ^ Benjamin W. Fortson - Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Blackwell 2004, 2009